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América Latina Portal Europeo
REDIAL Red Europea de Información y Documentación sobre América Latina
CEISAL Consejo Europeo de Investigaciones Sociales de América Latina
Revista Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies

Journal of Latin American Studies

Revista Journal of politics in Latin America (Internet)

Año: 2015 vol. 47 n. 2

Geoffray, Marie Laure. Transnational Dynamics of Contention in Contemporary Cuba.  / Dinámicas transnacionales de contención en la Cuba contemporánea p. 223-249 Cuba
disputa política; arena pública; internet; diáspora; regimen autoritario; Cuba
Época contemporánea

Resumen

This article explores the example of Cuba in order to understand how a contentious politics has evolved since the 2000s and especially after the semi-liberalisation of internet access in 2008. My aim is to analyse how use of new technologies impact the fragmented arenas of contention that already existed in Cuba. My argument is that they have reinforced existing dynamics, while creating new channels of expression and linkage, between contentious spaces within Cuba and with specific segments of the Cuban diaspora. Those dynamics have in turn allowed for the emergence of a transnational Cuban public arena and a more intricate contentious space in Cuba itself.

Cruz, José Miguel. Police Misconduct and Political Legitimacy in Central America.  / Malas prácticas policiales y legitimidad política en América Central p. 251-283 Centroamérica
Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala
América Central; policía; apoyo político; legitimidad; abuso policial; corrupción policiaca

Resumen

What is the political impact of police corruption and abuse? From the literature, we know that police misconduct destroys people's confidence in police forces and hampers public collaboration with the criminal-justice system; but, what about the political regime, especially in countries striving for democratic governance? Does police wrongdoing affect the legitimacy of the overall regime? Focusing on Central America, this article provides empirical evidence showing that corruption and abuse perpetrated by police officers erode public support for the political order. Results indicate that, under some circumstances, police transgressions can have a greater impact on the legitimacy of the political system than crime or insecurity. They also show that police misconduct not only affects democratising regimes, such as El Salvador and Guatemala, but also consolidated democracies, such as Costa Rica.

Gould, Jeffrey L. Ignacio Ellacuría and the Salvadorean Revolution.  / Ignacio Ellacuría y la revolución salvadoreña p. 285-315 Centroamérica
El Salvador
Desencuentros; Ignacio Ellacuría; organizaciones populares; comunidades de base eclesiales
Siglo XX

Resumen

his article focuses on the political thought and practice of the martyred Jesuit intellectual during the late 1970s. It employs the concept of desencuentros, probing the relationship between linguistic misunderstandings and political division. The article highlights Ignacio Ellacuría's novel analyses of the relationship between the ecclesial and the popular organisations, led by the radical Left. It discusses his political thought in relationship to the author's research on the base communities of northern Morazán. The article also discusses the Jesuit scholar's critical support for the Junta Revolucionario de Gobierno (15 October 1979–2 January 1980). The concluding section discusses Ellacuría's relevance for contemporary Latin American politics.

Eyal, Hillel. Beyond Networks: Transatlantic Immigration and Wealth in Late Colonial Mexico City.  / Más allá de las redes: inmigración transatlántica y riqueza en la Ciudad de México del periodo tardocolonial p. 317-348 México
Historia atlántica; capital humano; redes; inmigración; México; Nueva España
Época colonial | Siglo XVIII

Resumen

This article explores the relation between transatlantic immigration and wealth accumulation in late colonial Mexico City, the chief destination for transatlantic emigrants from Spain. In contrast to the prevalent focus in the literature on networks and transatlantic ties, I argue that economic mobility and thus entry into the upper classes of colonial society depended on the social background of immigrants in their home regions in the peninsula. Human capital rather than social capital was the key determinant explaining why certain regional groups, notably the Basques, succeeded economically as merchants and miners, challenging traditional notions of networks and interconnectedness in Atlantic history and beyond. The findings are grounded in quantitative datasets of Spanish immigrants, overcoming both the biases of anecdotal sources and the methodological intricacy of disentangling the causal relationship between wealth accumulation and social ties.

Lopes, Maria-Aparecida. Struggles over an ‘Old, Nasty, and Inconvenient Monopoly’: Municipal Slaughterhouses and the Meat Industry in Rio de Janeiro, 1880–1920s.  / Las luchas por un 'viejo, sucio e incómodo monopolio': los mataderos municipales y la industria de la carne en Río de Janeiro, 1880-1920s p. 349-376 Brasil
Brasil; Río de Janeiro; comercio de carne; empacadoras de carne; productos alimenticios; consumo
Siglo XIX | Siglo XX

Resumen

This paper examines the meat supply system in Rio de Janeiro from the late nineteenth century to the 1920s. For a period of time the city's monopoly over meat processing and retailing guaranteed a steady supply at predictable prices. However, at the turn of the century, ‘interlopers’, as municipal officials labelled those who attempted to introduce their product into Rio's market, began to question this century-old monopoly. Hence, for a relatively short period, Rio de Janeiro implemented a number of measures: curtailing the long-standing custom of clandestine slaughtering; establishing a centralised and somewhat regulated public abattoir system; and, finally, introducing meat-packing companies. This study considers these developments by undertaking a broader inquiry into how they affected per capita meat availability in Rio de Janeiro from the 1890s to the 1920s.

Leogrande, William M. Cuba's Perilous Political Transition to the Post-Castro Era.  / La peligrosa transición política de Cuba en la era post-Castro p. 377-405 Cuba
Sucesión de liderazgo; reforma económica; reforma política; Raúl Castro; Cuba
Época contemporánea

Resumen

In the years since Raúl Castro took office as president following Fidel Castro's illness and retirement, Cuba has embarked on four major transitions almost simultaneously: a restructuring of elite decision-making; a transformation of Cuba's centrally-planned economy into a market socialist economy; a relaxation of tight social control, providing greater social autonomy for civil society and even a degree of political decompression; and, a transition from the founding generation of the political elite (los históricos) to a successor generation, when neither Castro will hold power. Each of these processes by itself entails political risk; unfolding together, they constitute the greatest political challenge the Cuban regime has faced since the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Journal of Latin American Studies
Papel | Versión digital con suscripción | Trimestral | Reino Unido ISSN versión papel: 0022-216X
ISSN versión digital: 1469-767X
Año de creación: 1969

Editor: Cambridge University Press, Paul Cammack
Dirección: 31 Tavistock Square
London WC1H 9HA

Journal of Latin American Studies presenta investigaciones muy de actualidad en el ámbito de estudios latinoamericanos de órden económico, político, cultural, sociológico, antropológico, geográfico; incluye también con frecuencia artículos sobre tópicos contemporáneos en particular comentarios de especialistas así como una amplia sección de criticas de libros.


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Jussi Pakkasvirta - Ceisal (Helsinki, Finlandia).
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