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América Latina Portal Europeo
REDIAL Red Europea de Información y Documentación sobre América Latina
CEISAL Consejo Europeo de Investigaciones Sociales de América Latina
Revista Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies

Journal of Latin American Studies

Revista Journal of politics in Latin America (Internet)

Año: 2014 vol. 46 n. 2

Taylor, Matthew M. The Limits of Judicial Independence: A Model with Illustration from Venezuela under Chávez.  / Los límites de la independencia judicial: un modelo con ilustración desde la Venezuela de Chávez p. 229-259 Venezuela
cortes; independencia judicial; Hugo Chávez; Venezuela

Resumen

This paper presents a heuristic model of judicial independence that illustrates how it is that changes in de facto judicial independence may occur, even in the absence of overt institutional changes in de jure protections. The model is illustrated by the marked decline in the independence of Venezuela's high court between 1998 and 2010, under President Hugo Chávez. Focusing on the trade-off that courts face between jurisprudential change and policy change, the paper demonstrates how courts – even those that closely mirror the executive branch's policy preferences – may enter into conflict with dominant executives, and find their judicial independence restricted by informal means.

Bratman, Eve Z. Contradictions of Green Development: Human Rights and Environmental Norms in Light of Belo Monte Dam Activism.  / Contradicciones del desarrollo verde: derechos humanos y normas medioambientales a la luz del activismo ante la presa de Belo Monte p. 261-289 Cuenca Amazónica
Brasil
Belo Monte; represas; activismo; difusión de normas; medio ambiente; derechos humanos

Resumen

This paper offers a historical examination of the ways in which advocacy strategies and tactics have shifted in relation to political opportunities, using a case study of a hydroelectric dam project in the Brazilian Amazon, known as the Belo Monte Dam. Drawing on over three decades of resistance by transnational activist coalitions, the paper looks at how new tactics and political alignments have altered the dynamics of activism and norm diffusion in Brazilian domestic environmental, human rights and development policies. The paper argues that current theories of norm diffusion inadequately explain backslides and tend to underestimate the complexity of domestic political alignments. The case adds political insight to our understanding of the relationship of transnational advocacy strategy to environmental and human rights political realities in Brazil.

Dobado-González, Rafael; García-Montero, Héctor. Neither So Low nor So Short: Wages and Heights in Bourbon Spanish America from an International Comparative Perspective.  / Ni tan bajo ni tan corto: salarios y estaturas en la América borbónica española desde una perspectiva internacional comparada p. 291-321 América Latina
niveles de vida; salarios; estaturas; América borbónica; historia antropométrica
Siglo XVIII

Resumen

This paper offers new quantitative evidence on living standards in Bourbon America through a pioneering study of both wages and heights. Wages were not low, nor were heights short, by the international standards of the period. The living standards of Spanish Americans thus compare favourably with those of other regions of the world, including Europe. As in many parts of the West, one can observe a trend towards the deterioration of real wages in Spanish America at the end of the period. Our findings suggest that the ‘Great Divergence’ in living standards between Spanish America and the developed Western countries might have taken place mainly after independence and that currently available GDP per capita estimates might be too low.

Loureiro, Felipe Pereira. The Alliance For or Against Progress? US–Brazilian Financial Relations in the Early 1960s.  / ¿La Alianza a favor o en contra del progreso? Relaciones financieras Estados Unidos - Brasil a principios de la década de 1960 p. 323-351 Brasil
relaciones económicas; Alianza para el Progreso; Jânio Quadros; João Goulart
Siglo XX

Resumen

This paper analyses the role played by US economic assistance during the administrations of Jânio Quadros and João Goulart in Brazil (1961–4). It focuses on the negotiation and implementation of financial agreements associated with the Alliance for Progress, President Kennedy's aid programme for Latin America. It demonstrates that the Alliance had a positive impact during Quadros' administration, providing substantial resources to the country and placing economic growth ahead of economic stabilisation as the principal criterion for aid. Circumstances changed, however, when João Goulart became president, resulting in serious funding constraints. The paper suggests that the main reason for this was political, specifically regarding Washington's perception of Goulart's links with communist groups.

Woodard, James P. Pages from a Yellow Press: Print Culture, Public Life and Political Genealogies in Modern Brazil.  / Páginas de una prensa amarilla: cultura impresa, vida pública y genealogías políticas en el Brasil moderno p. 353-379 Brasil
São Paulo; prensa; esfera pública; republicanismo
Siglo XX

Resumen

An examination of the Brazilian newspaper O Combate, this article accomplishes four goals. First, it defines the politics of a periodical long cited but little understood by historians. Second, it documents O Combate's place, alongside other ‘yellow press’ outlets, in the making of a ‘public sphere’ in São Paulo. Third, it situates the same publications' role in the bringing into being of a more commercial, publicity-driven press, which would shed the yellow press's radicalism and abet the collapse of the public sphere of its heyday. Fourth, it suggests that O Combate's radical republicanism was one fount of the democratic radicalism of the late 1920s and early 1930s, as well as of the regionally chauvinist constitutionalism of 1932–7. In this rare application of the ‘public sphere’ idea to twentieth-century Brazil, readers may also detect an account closer to Jürgen Habermas’ original formulation than that found in the historiography of nineteenth-century Spanish America.

Journal of Latin American Studies
Papel | Versión digital con suscripción | Trimestral | Reino Unido ISSN versión papel: 0022-216X
ISSN versión digital: 1469-767X
Año de creación: 1969

Editor: Cambridge University Press, Paul Cammack
Dirección: 31 Tavistock Square
London WC1H 9HA

Journal of Latin American Studies presenta investigaciones muy de actualidad en el ámbito de estudios latinoamericanos de órden económico, político, cultural, sociológico, antropológico, geográfico; incluye también con frecuencia artículos sobre tópicos contemporáneos en particular comentarios de especialistas así como una amplia sección de criticas de libros.


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