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Revista Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies

Journal of Latin American Studies

Revista Journal of politics in Latin America (Internet)

Año: 2014 vol. 46 n. 1

Proctor III, Frank ‘Trey’. Amores perritos: Puppies, Laughter and Popular Catholicism in Bourbon Mexico City.  / Amores perritos: cachorros, risa y catolicismo popular en la Ciudad de México borbónica p. 1-28 México
Reformas Borbónicas; religión popular; risa; mascotas; perros; fiestas de baile


In late eighteenth-century Mexico City, Spanish colonials, particularly members of the urban middle and popular classes, performed a number of weddings and baptisms on puppies (which were wearing clothes or bejewelled collars) in the context of fandangos or dance parties. These ceremonies were not radical challenges to orthodoxy or conservative reactions in the face of significant economic, political, religious and cultural Bourbon reforms emanating from Spain. Employing Inquisitorial investigations of these ceremonies, this article explores the rise of pet keeping, the meanings of early modern laughter and the implications of the cultural and religious components of the Enlightenment-inspired Bourbon reforms in late colonial Mexico.

Ossa, Juan Luis. The Army of the Andes: Chilean and Rioplatense Politics in an Age of Military Organisation, 1814–1817.  / El ejército de los Andes: políticos chilenos y rioplatenses en la Era de la Organización Militar, 1814–1817 p. 29-58 Argentina | Chile
Chile; O'Higgins; San Martín; Mendoza; Chacabuco; organización militar; revolución; espías
Siglo XIX


This article analyses the organisation of the Army of the Andes, created in Mendoza between 1814 and 1817 with the aim of reconquering Chile from the royalists. The first section studies the role of José de San Martín as an informal arbiter in Bernardo O'Higgins’ dispute with José Miguel Carrera. The aim is to explain why San Martín decided to support O'Higgins, and the immediate consequences of this alliance. The second section addresses the main characteristics of the Army of the Andes and the process of militarisation experienced by the local inhabitants. Everyday life in Mendoza became inseparable from the needs of the revolutionary army. The paper then considers the so-called guerra de zapa and the participation of irregular agents. The involvement of spies and guerrilla officers in the revolution increased as warfare intensified. The final section analyses the crossing of the cordillera by the insurgents and the revolutionary triumph of 12 February 1817 at Chacabuco.

Collins, Jennifer N. New Left Experiences in Bolivia and Ecuador and the Challenge to Theories of Populism.  / Experiencias de la nueva izquierda en Bolivia y Ecuador y el reto a las teorías del populismo p. 59-86 Bolivia | Ecuador
Nueva Izquierda; movimientos indígenas; movimientos sociales; populismo; Rafael Correa; Evo Morales; Ecuador; Bolivia


This article explores a paradox at the heart of New Left populism in Bolivia and Ecuador – namely, the election of populist leaders in movement societies. Employing Laclau's theory about the emergence of populism, it demonstrates how social movements, not charismatic leaders, first constructed the popular identities that laid the foundations for these regimes. In re-examining theories of populism in light of these cases, this article suggests that populism's transformative and counter-hegemonic potential needs to be given renewed attention, and that the central role of charismatic leadership should be qualified in terms of the origins of populist identity formation.

Ribeiro, Pedro Floriano. An Amphibian Party? Organisational Change and Adaptation in the Brazilian Workers' Party, 1980–2012.  / ¿Un partido anfibio? Cambio organizacional y adaptación en el Partido de los Trabajadores de Brasil, 1980-2012 p. 87-119 Brasil
Brasil; partidos políticos; Partido de los Trabajadores; PT
Siglo XX | Siglo XXI


The arrival of Luiz Inácio ‘Lula’ da Silva and the Partido dos Trabalhadores (Workers' Party, PT) at the helm of the Brazilian federal government in 2003 represented the culmination of a slow and deep-rooted process of party transformation. Attributable partly to the inevitable consequences of the party gradually inserting itself into governmental institutions, and partly to strategic decisions made by the dominant coalition that had controlled the PT since 1995, these transformations significantly changed the organisational features of the party, paving its way to the federal government. This article analyses these processes, and the subsequent changes throughout the Lula government, from an organisational perspective, linking exogenous challenges and the party's genetic model with the strategies consciously adopted by the petista leadership.

Melgar, Teresa R. A Time of Closure? Participatory Budgeting in Porto Alegre, Brazil, after the Workers' Party Era.  / ¿Un tiempo de cierre? Presupuesto participativo en Porto Alegre, Brasil, después de la era del Partido de los Trabajadores p. 121-149 Brasil
presupuesto participativo; gobierno participativo; Partido de los Trabajadores; Brasil; Porto Alegre


Participatory budgeting in Porto Alegre, Brazil, has long been held up as a model of how grassroots social movements, in alliance with a Left party in power, have deepened democracy in a highly clientelistic context. But what happened to this democratic reform when the Partido dos Trabalhadores (Workers' Party, PT), which supported this initiative while it held the mayorship of Porto Alegre for 16 years, lost political power? This article examines the shifting fortunes of the participatory budgeting process following the defeat of the Workers' Party in the 2004 local elections. It explores how and why succeeding local administrations weakened participatory budgeting amid the changing political configuration of Porto Alegre, underscoring the critical role played by considerable executive branch powers in the process. The article concludes by examining what questions this raises for the sustainability of local democratic reforms.

Orihuela, José Carlos. The Environmental Rules of Economic Development: Governing Air Pollution from Smelters in Chuquicamata and La Oroya.  / Las normas medioambientales de desarrollo económico: regulación de la contaminación atmosférica por las fundiciones en Chuquicamata y La Oroya p. 151-183 Chile | Perú
Chile; Perú; medio ambiente; desarrollo; minería; instituciones; emprendedores de políticas públicas


Why and how do societies transform the environmental rules of economic development, or fail to do so? This article compares the experiences of Chile and Peru in the regulation of smelting activities between 1990 and 2010. Air pollution from smelters in Chuquicamata and La Oroya, each emblematic of the two countries’ mining industries, did not give rise to nationally destabilising protest. Nevertheless, despite the absence of pressing discontent with pollution, the environmental rules for mining could still be improved as a result of policy network activism and through highly idiosyncratic institutional channels. The analysis shows that policy entrepreneurship for Chuquicamata was enhanced by a national institutional environment that favoured bureaucratic autonomy, while parallel action for La Oroya was constrained by a political economy of state weakness and elite disregard.

Journal of Latin American Studies
Papel | Versión digital con suscripción | Trimestral | Reino Unido ISSN versión papel: 0022-216X
ISSN versión digital: 1469-767X
Año de creación: 1969

Editor: Cambridge University Press, Paul Cammack
Dirección: 31 Tavistock Square
London WC1H 9HA

Journal of Latin American Studies presenta investigaciones muy de actualidad en el ámbito de estudios latinoamericanos de órden económico, político, cultural, sociológico, antropológico, geográfico; incluye también con frecuencia artículos sobre tópicos contemporáneos en particular comentarios de especialistas así como una amplia sección de criticas de libros.

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Sistema Regional de Información en Línea para Revistas Científicas de América Latina, el Caribe, España y Portugal. Recurso creado por una red internacional que reune y difunde información bibliográfica sobre las publicaciones científicas seriadas producidas en la región. El "Directorio" recoge las publicaciones académicas y científicas que superan un nivel mínimo de calidad editorial, mientras que en el "Catálogo" ingresan aquellas que alcanzan un nivel óptimo en los criterios de evaluación. REDIAL colabora suministrando información sobre las revistas latinoamericanistas europeas.

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Jussi Pakkasvirta - Ceisal (Helsinki, Finlandia).
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