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Revista Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies

Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies

Revista Journal of Latin American Studies

Año: 2015 vol. 24 n. 3

Poblete, Juan. Pedro Lemebel: In Memoriam / Pedro Lemebel: In Memoriam p. 287-289 Chile
Pedro Lemebel / Literatura chilena
Siglo XX | Siglo XXI

Derbyshire, Philip ; Kraniauskas, John. Beyond the State: Spaces of Capital in Latin America / Más allá del Estado: espacios de capital en América Latina p. 291-293 América Latina
Estado / Capital
Siglo XX | Siglo XXI

Bentancor, Orlando. Immediate Mediacy, Iberian Globalization and Commodity Fetishism.  / Inmediata mediatez, globalización ibérica y mercancías fetichismo p. 295-313 América Latina
Imperio español / José de Acosta / Fetichismo de la mercancía / Dialéctica / Marxismo / Globalización / Carlo Galli
Siglo XXI

Resumen

In this article, I discuss Carlo Galli's view of globalization as a new epoch by appealing to recent scholarship on the early modern Iberian empire. The article begins with an examination of Galli's notion of globalization as an unprecedented explosion of the command of the economic over the political sphere. Galli criticizes Marxism and dialectics for being economicist and, therefore, incapable of explaining the complex interrelations between the political and the economic. In order to avoid what he considers an inherent failure of Marxism to grasp the novelty of globalization, Galli mobilizes the notion of ‘immediate mediacy’. While modernity is characterized by a political mediation of the economy and technology, globalization is characterized by the immediate economic and technological command of deterritorialized networks over all aspects of life. However, in Hegelian dialectics, ‘external reflection’ takes the ‘immediate’ as a given point of departure, while ‘reflexive determination’ considers every immediate presupposition as posited, thus redoubling the contradictions of mediation into the immediate itself. Galli's immediate technological and economic medium is deemed to be given and external. Alternatively, Marx's critique of commodity fetishism transcends ‘immediate mediacy’ because it makes explicit the mutual co-implication of the economic and the political. Marx mobilizes Hegelian reflexive determination to show how neither political power nor the commodity's value is the property of an inner substance but the effect of illusory and fetishistic metaphysical mediations. Recent scholarship on early modern Iberian empire and economics shows that, from its very inception, the political power of the Spanish monarchy depended on the mediation of a global network of credit and circulation of money. Finally, I mobilize Marx's critique of money fetishism to analyze the work of the sixteenth-century Jesuit Jose Acosta titled Historia natural y moral de las Indias (1590). In this work, Acosta conceives of precious metals as means of exchange that paradoxically enjoy a commanding power of their own. I conclude that the metaphysics of credit implicit in Marx's general theory of fetishism and exemplified in the early modern apologists of the empire is better suited than Galli's schmittology to understanding the theological and metaphysical dimension of the sixteenth-century imperial globalization.

Vilches, Elvira . Trade, Silver, and Print Culture in the Colonial Americas.  / Comercio, plata y cultura de impresión en la América colonial p. 315-334 América Latina
Plata americana / Prácticas monetarias / Métodos de negocio / Ideologías de comercio / Conocimiento práctico / Cultura impresa
Época colonial

Resumen

The global reach of trade during the early modern period triggered a wave of commercial didactic publications. In the Americas the most popular commercial books, known as reducciones o cuentas del oro y de la plata, taught how to reckon the multiple varieties of unminted silver in circulation. Technical writers helped establish the conventions needed for markets to function by demonstrating skill and accuracy. Manuals typically included conversion tables and ready reckoners in order to expedite business and spread confidence among sellers, buyers, and consumers. Rather than considering money as a mere commodity and medium exchange, these manuals illustrate that money is embedded in a mesh of social rules, mechanisms, and institutions that establish notions of value, price list, credit, and trust.

Nemser, Daniel . Primitive Accumulation, Geometric Space, and the Construction of the ‘Indian’.  / Acumulación Primitiva, espacio geométrico, y la construcción del "indio" p. 335-352 América Latina
Colonialismo / Concentración / Infraestructura / Trabajo / Carrera / Espacio
Siglo XX | Siglo XXI

Resumen

Carlo Galli links the conquest and colonization of the Americas to the ‘geometrization’ of political space and the emergence of the modern nomos of the earth. If the supposed ‘emptiness’ of colonial space legitimated land appropriation, however, it also posed significant administrative problems for colonial rule. This essay examines the Spanish policy of ‘congregation’ (congregación) as one of the primary governmental techniques through which geometrical space was materially produced. In colonial Mexico, congregation sought to resettle ‘dispersed’ indigenous communities into centralized towns under the vigilant eyes of the civil and spiritual authorities. These orderly towns, laid out on a grid and inserted into both regional and global markets, facilitated newly productive forms of tribute and labor extraction while at the same time constituting the infrastructure or material conditions of possibility for the construction of the ‘Indian’ as a meaningful category of identity, in the sense of both racial ascription and subjectification. It was not only the violence of the conquest or the pillaging of the conquistadors that characterized the process of primitive accumulation, then, but also a series of productive interventions that reconfigured colonial space and racialized the bodies inhabiting it.

Whitener, Brian . From ‘Stabilizing Development’ to Instant Ruins: Notes on Mexican State Form.  / De "Desarrollo Estabilizador" a ruina instantánea: Notas sobre la forma de Estado mexicana p. 353-370 México
Desarrollismo / Neo-desarrollismo / Financiación en México / Alojamiento en México / Carlo Galli
Siglo XX | Siglo XXI

Resumen

In this essay, I complicate the standard political economic narrative of Mexico's ‘stabilizing development’ as one of successful state intervention which managed to tame capitalism. In the first section, I ask whether it is possible that years of literature on the need for strong states, developmental states, and interventionist states have not blinded us to some of the actual functions of the post-war Mexican state, namely as a sink or channel for capital accumulated in the global North, and whether the present role of the state in Mexico might be much more like its past incarnations than we have been led to believe. In the second section, through a close reading of the 2013 housing crisis in Mexico, I test whether there is anything to the assertion of a similarity between the state of Mexico's post-war ‘stabilizing development’ and the current financialized one. By way of conclusion, I press a case for a political imaginary beyond state regulation of capital.

Peláez, Sol. Thinking from the ‘Desamparo’ in Los Incompletos by Sergio Chejfec.  / Pensando desde el 'Desamparo' en Los incompletos por Sergio Chejfec p. 371-386 América Latina
Infrapolítica / Comunidad / Sergio Chejfec / Literatura posnacional / Globalización
Siglo XX | Siglo XXI

Resumen

This essay explores the ontological dislocation of the nation and the world after the fall of the communist promise and the rise of the neoliberal market through a reading of Los incompletos (2004) by Sergio Chejfec. This novel denarrativizes the neoliberal fantasy of a free community of ‘global citizens’ beyond the nation-state's power. The promise of communism provided a beyond; it marked the ultimate limit of capitalism and, therefore, its telos towards a human world-community beyond nationalisms and capitalism. Mourning the loss of this promise, the novel questions the unbounded eternal present of neoliberal capitalism. In doing so, Los incompletos imagines a new history and a new spectral geography not grounded on an ontology of presence. In reflecting critically upon the utopia of globalization, this text does not retreat to the space of the nation. The spectral space of Moscow confronts the neoliberal fantasy of global citizenship and the end of the utopia of communism. The world imagined by the narrator has lost the ontological promise of its own presence. Against the ideal of a global community with a smooth surface, where people (and capital flows) travel free from the power of the nation-state, Chejfec composes a dislocated topography, where characters are suspended in time and space, and the world's presence loses the fantasy of its ground.

Bollig, Ben. El libro era una cosa que ocupaba espacio’ (Néstor Perlongher). Recent Works on Poetry, Publishing and Performance in the Southern Cone / "El libro era una cosa que ocupaba espacio" (Néstor Perlongher). Trabajos recientes sobre poesía, publicaciones y obras en el cono sur p. 387-404 Cono Sur
Poesía / Libro / Néstor Perlongher
Siglo XXI

Smith, Christen A. A Escrita ‘Uterina Preta’ de Mjiba: Elizandra Souza and the New Black Female Poets of Brazil / Un escrito ‘Uterina Preta’ de Mjiba: Elizandra Souza y las nuevas mujeres negras poetas en Brasil p. 405-415 Brasil
Elizandra Souza / Periferia / Mujeres negras / Poesía / São Paulo / Hip hop
Siglo XX | Siglo XXI

Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies
Papel | Versión digital con suscripción | Trimestral (desde 2011) | Reino Unido Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies. Travesia
ISSN versión papel: 1356-9325
ISSN versión digital: 1469-9575
Año de creación: 1992

Editor: Routledge (Taylor and Francis Group)

Publica artículos sobre la historia y la análisis de la cultura latinoamericana así como sobre el desarrollo de teorías y de métodos a fines de estudiar las costumbres latinoamericanas. Los artículos multi diciplinarios que contribuyen a dar sentido a una área de investigación y de debate están particularmente bienvenidos así como las disciplinas de cierto interés tales como la antropología, la comunicación, la historia y la literatura.

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