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Revista Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies

Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies

Revista Journal of Latin American Studies

Año: 2013 vol. 22 n. 3

Garramuño, Florencia. Forms of disbelonging in contemporary Latin American aesthetics.  / Formas de despertencia en la estética contemporánea de América Latina p. 245-257 América Latina


Literary explorations that juxtapose fiction and photography, images, memories, autobiographies, blogs, chats and email texts, as well as essay and documentary texts that bear witness to a new testimonial condition, are now everywhere, as works as diverse as those by W.G. Sebald, Bernardo de Carvalho, John Berger, João Gilberto Noll, Fernando Vallejo or Nuno Ramos evince. Along with this expansion of literature, in Latin America many of these new literary explorations establish connections among different fields of aesthetics, like the crossover of installation art and literature or language shows in the cases of Nuno Ramos and Mario Bellatin, or the archival impulse that uses images and language in the art of Rosângela Rennó, Antonio José Ponte and Jorge Macchi.

Hernandez, Juan Felipe. La Química De La Memoria: A Benjaminean Approach.  / La Química De La Memoria: una aproximación benjamineana p. 259-270 América Latina


Investigation on issues of cultural memory in the Latin-American context has increased exponentially in the past two decades. However, the work of visual artists of memory: architects, sculptors or ‘memorialists’ has not yet been systematically analyzed as a constitutive part of the field. In this article, I would like to introduce the German artist Horst Hoheisel and to explore the novel ways that this professional of memory and commemoration has developed when working in South America. In each of his works, Hoheisel's self-reflectiveness is a constant and a tool that allows him to produce memorials and countermonuments which defy the space of market commodification and state instrumentalization. This article is particularly concerned with his 2004 project ‘La Química de la Memoria’. First, I offer a descriptive overview of the project and later I advance a more theoretical reading using Walter Benjamin's historical materialism in comparison with other related projects.

Borge, Jason. Replaying Carlitos: Chaplin, Latin American Film Comedy and the Paradigm of Imitation.  / Reproducciendo a Carlitos: Chaplin, comedia cinematográfica latinoamericana y el paradigma de la imitación p. 271-286 América Latina


In his landmark study Hybrid Cultures, Néstor García Canclini rejects originality and its opposite – imitation – as inadequate analytical paradigms for Latin American cultural practices. This paper argues for a reevaluation of the imitation paradigm, arguing that it should be understood neither as a synonym of colonial subordination (as García Canclini implies) nor, in Homi Bhabha's sense, as a dangerously ‘destabilizing’ sign of ‘partial presence.’ Glissant's concept of détour (diversion) is perhaps a more appropriate mode of analysis, since it captures the ‘playful’ oscillation between the extremes of mimesis outlined by García Canclini and Bhabha. Latin American film comedy's relationship with Hollywood from the 1930 through the 1950s – and specifically its wide-ranging treatment of Charlie Chaplin's work – illustrates such mimetic ‘diversions.’ From outright impersonation to homage and quotation, spanning the Chaplinesque adaptations of Cantinflas, Tin Tan, and Luis Sandrini, and the multivalent parodies of Brazilian chanchadas, Latin American film comedy of the period used imitation as a shifting, elastic, and critical trope revealing local and national subjects' contentious links with hegemonic models.

Dennison, Stephanie. Blonde Bombshell: Xuxa and Notions of Whiteness in Brazil.  / Rubia explosiva: Xuxa y las nociones de blancura en Brasil p. 287-304 Brasil


This article analyses the construction of whiteness in Xuxa's star text. It will consider not only Xuxa's role in television, for which she is best known, and her relationship with the sexually conservative and predominantly white TV Globo, but also her filmic output: Xuxa has appeared in twenty films to date, most of which were box-office smash hits. The article thus takes as its main focus the development of the promotion of Xuxa as an ideal of whiteness. It reveals in particular the uses made of notions of whiteness in the construction of her star text and the maintenance of her massive appeal in her native Brazil.

Rajca, Andrew C. Unraveling Normalized Rhetoric of Violence and Human Rights: the Dissensual Intervention of Sergio Bianchi's Quanto Vale Ou É Por Quilo?.  / Desentrañar la retórica normalizada de la violencia y derechos humanos: la intervención disensual en Quanto Vale Ou É Por Quilo? de Sergio Bianchi p. 305-321 Brasil


Brazilian filmmaker Sergio Bianchi is known for his biting commentary on contemporary Brazilian society, exposing contradictions in the way that such themes as violence, inequality, and human rights are perceived and discussed, while leaving no group unscathed in his critique of social ills. He does this through a meta-filmic approach that not only presents social problems to spectators, but also interrogates the discursive structures that inform our engagement with these issues, exposing our own complicity in perpetuating social inequality. The 2005 film Quanto vale ou é por quilo? (How Much, or is it by the Kilo?)2 perhaps best exemplifies Bianchi's style, offering a sardonic critique of Brazil's social problems and an idealized international human rights discourse through satirical dialogue, ironical performances by actors trained in theater, and a cinematographic structure that disrupts both Hollywood-style films and the documentary genre. While some academic work has been done on the film, there has been little analysis of what I contend are the most important pieces of Quanto vale ou é por quilo?: the critique of the commodification of humanitarian aid and the disruption of normalized discourses related to violence and social inequality in Brazil. Drawing from theoretical discussions on the visibility of violence and human rights by such authors as Slavoj Žižek and Jacques Rancière, in dialogue with the critical contributions of Ivana Bentes and Fernão Pessoa Ramos related to problematizing representations of violence and the ‘other’ in recent Brazilian cinema, I contend that Quanto vale ou é por quilo? offers a more critical engagement with these issues than national and international box office successes such as Cidade de Deus and the Tropa de Elite series. I argue that Bianchi's work constitutes a dissensus in the normative rhetoric surrounding the issues of violence, human rights, and social inequality, exposing the symbolic/systemic violence constituted and perpetuated by social consensus in Brazil.

Freeland, Anne. Cordial Democracy: The Family And The State In Raízes Do Brasil.  / Democracia cordial: la familia y el Estado en Raízes Do Brasil p. 323-339 Brasil


In Raízes do Brasil Sérgio Buarque de Holanda identifies a set of social practices that were imagined to structure the Brazilian private sphere, designated by the notion of ‘cordiality,’ as an obstacle to significant democratic innovation in the political sphere. Yet his critique of cordial modes of relation is compromised by an essentialist conception of kinship structures and the social forms they engendered. This article seeks to demonstrate that the logic of the text ultimately overturns this inherited premise of a natural and therefore immutable domestic structure and that, in keeping with Holanda's conceptualization of the task of the historian as one of demystifying the past in order to unburden the political imagination of the present, such a reading advances Holanda's own vision of a democracy still to come.

Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies
Papel | Versión digital con suscripción | Trimestral (desde 2011) | Reino Unido Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies. Travesia
ISSN versión papel: 1356-9325
ISSN versión digital: 1469-9575
Año de creación: 1992

Editor: Routledge (Taylor and Francis Group)

Publica artículos sobre la historia y la análisis de la cultura latinoamericana así como sobre el desarrollo de teorías y de métodos a fines de estudiar las costumbres latinoamericanas. Los artículos multi diciplinarios que contribuyen a dar sentido a una área de investigación y de debate están particularmente bienvenidos así como las disciplinas de cierto interés tales como la antropología, la comunicación, la historia y la literatura.

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Sistema Regional de Información en Línea para Revistas Científicas de América Latina, el Caribe, España y Portugal. Recurso creado por una red internacional que reune y difunde información bibliográfica sobre las publicaciones científicas seriadas producidas en la región. El "Directorio" recoge las publicaciones académicas y científicas que superan un nivel mínimo de calidad editorial, mientras que en el "Catálogo" ingresan aquellas que alcanzan un nivel óptimo en los criterios de evaluación. REDIAL colabora suministrando información sobre las revistas latinoamericanistas europeas.

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