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Revista Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies

Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies

Revista Journal of Latin American Studies

Año: 2013 vol. 22 n. 2

Lida, Miranda; Fabris, Mariano; Bonnin, Juan Eduardo; Catoggio, María Soledad. A Pope for Latin America? State, Church, and Dictatorship / ¿Un Papa para América Latina? Estado, Iglesia, y Dictadura América Latina

Lida, Miranda; Fabris, Mariano. Argentina and the Pope from the End of the World: Antecedents and Consequences.  / Argentina y el Papa desde el fin del mundo: antecedentes y consecuencias  In  A Pope for Latin America? State, Church, and Dictatorship p. 113-121 Argentina
Siglo XXI


The appointment of Cardinal Bergoglio as the new pontiff of the Catholic Church has had a media impact that exceeded all expectations. The international press, in fact, had taken no notice of him before the conclave; even the best of the Vaticanologists erred in their calculations. Even so, all it took was a few gestures from Pope Francis to conquer the attention of the Catholic world, which was shaken and seduced by his transparent, warm gestures. Camera flashes and questions from analysts beset him. Who was Jorge Mario Bergoglio? An endless number of biographical facts about the Argentine pope began to circulate that, taken separately, amounted to no more than a handful of scattered crumbs. Reading between the lines, however, reveals a man who had a meteoric ecclesiastical career, with repeated sojourns abroad that surely facilitated his designation as cardinal (‘Prince of the Church’) in 2002.

Bonnin, Juan Eduardo. Scenes of Explicit Catholicism: The Pope and the Political Meanings of Religion in Argentina.  / Escenas de un catolicismo explícito: el Papa y el significado político de la religión en Argentina  In  A Pope for Latin America? State, Church, and Dictatorship p. 123-138 Argentina
Siglo XXI


This article analyzes the relationships between religious and political discourse in Argentina with regard to the recent election of Jorge Mario Bergoglio as the new Catholic Pope, Francis. In first place, we establish a theoretical distinction between "Catholicism" and "Church" in order to understand the historical complex bonds between religion and politics in Argentina. This will allow us to characterize Bergoglio as a skilful actor, who is able to move between different millieux, notably Catholicism and Church, to develop complex strategies in both of them. We observe these skills in four key issues in current social life in Argentina: the debates on equal marriage, the memories on the last dictatorship, the social agenda and the political system.

Catoggio, María Soledad. Argentine Catholicism During the Last Military Dictatorship: Unresolved Tensions and Tragic Outcomes.  / El catolicismo argentino durante la última dictadura milira: tensiones no resueltas y resultados trágicos  In  A Pope for Latin America? State, Church, and Dictatorship p. 139-154 Argentina
Siglo XX


This paper analyzes the relationships between institutional discipline and state repression whithin the Catholic church in Argentina during the last military dictatorship. Rather than a natural continuity between both terms we find a series of tensions, firmly installed during the sixties and still unresolved at the beginning of the dictatorship, leading to dramatic resolutions. In fact, State terrorism did not appear out of thin air. On the contrary, it exacerbated tensions already existing in the Catholic world. During the decade before the last dictatorship, countless conflicts occurred between ecclesiastical Authorities, the military clergy, and members of the military forces, conflicts whose unresolved nature led to extreme solutions such as, on one hand, the military's attempt to define Catholic ‘orthodoxy’ and, on the other, the clergy's participation in the repressive machinery of the state. At the same time, the decade set the stage for a whole series of confrontations between ecclesiastical authorities and their own clergy members to define conciliar ‘renewal'. These confrontations coexisted with propagandistic accusations of ‘subversion' and ‘infiltration' in the Catholic institution. At the beginning of the 1970s, these accusations gave way to repression. The unresolved tension between institutional discipline and state repression which started in the previous decade eroded the corporative solidarity and enabled vertical and horizontal ruptures within the church. This had tragic consequences during the last dictatorship, which occurred in circumstances that, rather than following a recurrent pattern, were the result of a variety of situations that were unpredictable for the actors.

Garrido Castellano, Carlos. On Art and Other Trades in Turn of Millennium Cuba: A Conversation with Alexandre Arrechea.  / Sobre el arte y otros oficios en torno al milenio en Cuba: Una conversación con Alexandre Arrechea p. 155-168 Cuba


This interview seeks to analyse the dynamics of the Cuban cultural context at the end of the millennium. To do so, it examines the work of Alexandre Arrechea, a former member of the collective Los Carpinteros. During the 1980s Cuban art had held an important position as a space for social and political criticism, replacing other spaces and becoming a major centre for discussion in the public sphere. That process changed substantially in the following decade as the country entered the Special Period and with the increasing attention of the international art market on the Cuban art sphere. This interview looks at the decisive years in which Cuban art became appreciated and consumed internationally, recovering the voices of some of the main actors in that process, such as Gerardo Mosquera, Carlos Garaicoa and Sandra Ramos. While the work of Los Carpinteros has been analysed several times, the oeuvre of Arrechea, one of the major creative voices from the Caribbean in the new century, has not received the same focus. The present discussion aims to fill this gap, by looking at his work as a whole and discussing issues related to migration and spectatorship, creativity and representation.

Gleghorn, Charlotte. Reconciliation en minga: Indigenous Video and Social Justice in Colombia.  / Reconciliación en minga: vídeo indígena y justicia social en Colombia p. 169-194 Colombia


The Colombian National Commission for Reconciliation and Reparation (CNRR) was created in 2005 as part of the Justice and Peace Law (975). For many, the Justice and Peace Law inadequately responded to victims' demands, instead offering a legal exit strategy to provide impunity for the victimisers. In this scenario, how does the statist ‘path to reconciliation’ compare to the course mapped in the hands of Indigenous videomakers? In this article, I analyse the work of the Tejido de Comunicación (ACIN) and another collective, Cineminga, both based in the southwest Andean region of Colombia, in order to consider how their videos intervene in the reconciliation debate. I argue that such representations populate spaces of statist discourse – truth, reparation, reconciliation – with a revised and expanded sense of social justice. This resonates with Marisol de la Cadena's suggestion that Andean indigeneity is challenging hegemonic understandings of politics by summoning ‘other-than-human beings’ (2010: 350). Indigenous videos and festivals thus present spaces of intercultural communication, where the significance of the land may offer the potential for wider civic engagement with difference, representing a symbolic and conceptual challenge to existing interpretations of reconciliation.

Romero, Eva Karene. Frankfurt (2008): Documentary and the Campesino Icon in Paraguay.  / Frankfurt (2008): documental e icono campesino en Paraguay p. 195-212 Paraguay


The politically charged Paraguayan campesino icon is the protagonist of Frankfurt (2008), a documentary by Ramiro Gómez. In this essay I explore the tension between two possible readings of how the campesino is represented as he watches the 2006 FIFA World Cup. In one reading, elevating the campesino protagonist represents an effort to strengthen national identity and advocacy for the rural poor. In an oppositional reading, the campesino protagonist represents an obstacle to the completion of Paraguay's economic growth and modernization. In exploring these readings I use theorizations of the role of fútbol, nationalist fervor, television, popular catholicism, affect, historical border wars and the neoliberal economic world system.

Acree Jr., William G. Divisas and Deberes: Women and the Symbolic Economy of War Rhetoric in the Río De La Plata, 1810–1910.  / Divisas y deberes: Mujeres y retórica simbólica de la economía de guerra en el Río de la Plata, 1810–1910 p. 213-237 Argentina
Siglo XIX | Siglo XX


From the outbreak of the wars for independence in the Río de la Plata to the 1910 centennial celebration of independence, color-coded headbands known as divisas served as means of identifying political affiliation, necessary accoutrements for battle, symbols bearing war cries, and powerful icons that attested to and participated in the politicization of popular classes. In most cases divisas were handmade and sewn by wives and mothers, making these ribbons the touch of love that soldiers took into hate-filled fights. The ribbons were also emblems of deberes—duties. Divisas provide a unique index of how popular political sentiment reached deep into Rioplatense society, and they offer a glimpse into the world of female duty in the elaboration of a symbolic economy of war. Through writing with the needle and their central role in the confection of symbols, women not only developed parallel forms of literacy; they also participated in political discourse during wartime that the state could not ignore after the end of battle. Manifestations of the political agency women achieved appear in the impact of female affect, and in the formal, public education of women as model mothers in the home and model teachers in the school.

Gottberg, Luis Duno. After Chávez: Re-Shifting the Focus.  / Después de Chávez: nuevo cambio de enfoque p. 239-241 Venezuela
Siglo XXI


Discussions of contemporary Venezuelan politics are often confined to Chávez's larger than life image: the authoritarian demagogue or the uncompromising man of principles, the saviour or the destroyer of the motherland, the skilful or the crude communicator, the brave revolutionary who confronted Empire or the illusionist who recast old ideologies, el zambo impertinente or the incarnation of los de abajo; all of these have captured the imagination of intellectuals, artists and, of course, the Venezuelan electorate. Chávez's death, and the massive expressions of popular mourning that followed, only added to this tendency to read the last decade as the ‘Chávez Era’.

Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies
Papel | Versión digital con suscripción | Trimestral (desde 2011) | Reino Unido Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies. Travesia
ISSN versión papel: 1356-9325
ISSN versión digital: 1469-9575
Año de creación: 1992

Editor: Routledge (Taylor and Francis Group)

Publica artículos sobre la historia y la análisis de la cultura latinoamericana así como sobre el desarrollo de teorías y de métodos a fines de estudiar las costumbres latinoamericanas. Los artículos multi diciplinarios que contribuyen a dar sentido a una área de investigación y de debate están particularmente bienvenidos así como las disciplinas de cierto interés tales como la antropología, la comunicación, la historia y la literatura.

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Sistema Regional de Información en Línea para Revistas Científicas de América Latina, el Caribe, España y Portugal. Recurso creado por una red internacional que reune y difunde información bibliográfica sobre las publicaciones científicas seriadas producidas en la región. El "Directorio" recoge las publicaciones académicas y científicas que superan un nivel mínimo de calidad editorial, mientras que en el "Catálogo" ingresan aquellas que alcanzan un nivel óptimo en los criterios de evaluación. REDIAL colabora suministrando información sobre las revistas latinoamericanistas europeas.

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