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CEISAL Consejo Europeo de Investigaciones Sociales de América Latina
Revista Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies

Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies

Revista Journal of Latin American Studies

Año: 2013 vol. 22 n. 1

Rappaport, Joanne. The Challenges of Indigenous Research.  / Los desafíos de la investigación indígena p. 5-25 Colombia

Resumen

What constitutes indigenous research and what is its purpose? With whom should indigenous researchers negotiate? Inquiry into indigenous research tends to focus on those Native researchers who are academically trained. This article looks, instead, into how indigenous organizations set up infrastructures, both conceptual and administrative, to form grassroots researchers outside of the Academy, looking at: how they define research, what they think research is for, who constitutes the “community” toward which this research is oriented, and how these researchers use writing. The article focuses on several research initiatives taking place under the umbrella of the Consejo Regional Indígena del Cauca (Regional Indigenous Council of Cauca) in southwestern Colombia.

Bentes, Ivana. Collaborative Networks and the Productive Precariat.  / Redes de colaboración y los precarios productivos p. 27-40 Brasil

Resumen

The favelas are emerging as “symbolic capital”, as “wealth”, and as “commodities” in cities like Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. They are no longer the place of “excluded” non-subjects, as in some imaginaries and discourses, but rather a cyber-periphery, a place of “wealth in poverty” fought over by Nike, Globo Network Television, and the State, as well as laboratories for subjective production. The black bodies of the favelas, the possibilities for co-operation without hierarchy, the invention of other times and spaces (on the streets, in dancehalls, LAN centers, and rooftops) are all subjected to forms of appropriation, just like anything else in capitalism. However, the favelas are no longer seen simply as “poverty factories”, but rather a form of capital in the market of symbolic national and local values, having been able to convert the most hostile forces (poverty, violence, states of emergency) into a process of creation and cultural invention.

Mosquera, Daniel O. Media, technology, and participation: life in its duration, toward a new evanescence?.  / Medios de comunicación, tecnología y participación: la vida en su duración, ¿hacia un nuevo desvanecimiento? p. 41-56 América Latina
México

Resumen

Narrated through images and languages that evoke ever more extreme and often arresting realisms, the capturing of poverty through greater authenticity and intimate access, while arousing empathy or seeking social justice, has reached a creative abundance aided by cultural coalitions and incessant technological advances in the production, access, and mobility of text, photography, video, and film. This article addresses the aesthetic and political economies informing street children self-representation in two more or less recent Latin American examples in film and photography, where stark marginalization and truculent realities constitute the daily landscape but also the object of exposure, namely the Mexican documentary Voces de la Guerrero (dir. Adrián Arce, Diego Rivera Khon, Antonio Ziriòn, and the colonia Guerrero gang, 2004) and the bi-nationally produced book/project Cicatrices en mi piel: los niños de la calle se fotografían a sí mismos (Scars on my Skin: Street Children Photograph Themselves, Hartwig Weber and Sierra Jaramillo, 2005). This trend can be considered, I suggest here, as a vivid manifestation of the commoditized cultural content Maurizio Lazzarato analyzed as immaterial labor but reflective, correspondingly, of a ‘precarization’ woven into global image and labor flows with a utopian, transformative imprint of ever more extreme realities of destitution. As testimonies of postindustrial urban displacement and cruelty, but also as reformative pedagogic missions, the examples I look at and interrogate in this article also resonate with other visual trends in that they are structured explicitly as collaborative endeavors between artists, ethnographers, sociologists or various other activists, and marginal subjects, with the express goal of the latter's self-representation and restoration. What distinguishes such collaborations is an overt drive toward auto-representation and an expressed hope that being in the image and in some control of its production will, through photographic dispersion, result in social renovation and/or empowerment.

Bollig, Ben. Raimondi-Vignoli-Cristina. Poetic Activism in Contemporary Argentina.  / Raimondi-Vignoli-Cristina. Activismo poético en la Argentina contemporánea p. 57-70 Argentina

Resumen

After the emergence in Argentine in the 1980s of neobarroco or neobaroque poetry, and in the 1990s of a contrasting objetivista or objectivist aesthetic, commentators have written of “Boom” in poetry in the 2000s, the emergence or successful re-launching of young writers, notable anthologies, and new independent publishers. Many groups and poets use poetry as an integral part of their political activism. However, the aesthetic effects of such activist positions have not, I feel, been studied closely. The question that seldom addressed is whether there is coherence between the aesthetics and politics of such activist projects. Sergio Raimondi's collection Poesía civil, published in 2001, in some respects, marked the culmination of objetivista poetry, but also set a marker for much poetry of the 2000s. Firstly, it was an eminently literary work, with references to Shelley, Keats, Dante, the English metaphysical poets, among others, and poems written in an epic form of long, measured lines with occasional rhyme. Secondly, it is metapoetic, reflecting on questions related to the status and role of poetry, in particular its social role; Gramsci, Brecht and Valèry are all referenced and engaged. Thirdly, it is closely linked to Raimondi's cultural and community work at the Museo del Puerto. As such, this paper sets out to use Raimondi's work as a case study of contemporary poetic activism, but also of the tasks and possibilities of today's Latin American Cultural Studies.

Moreiras, Alberto. A beggaring description: The republican secret in Augusto Roa Bastos's Yo El Supremo, Together With some comments on symbolic production and radical evil.  / Una descripción empobrecida: El secreto republicano en Yo el Supremo de Augusto Roa Bastos, junto con algunos comentarios sobre la producción simbólica y el mal radical p. 71-87 Paraguay
Siglo XX

Resumen

Carlo Galli, Roberto Esposito, and in general the group of thinkers associated with the Italian journal Filosofia politica have made the claim many times that our contemporary world is through with the conceptuality of modern politics, that most if not all of the productive concepts of political modernity have come to the end of their productivity and now lie in ruins. Perhaps it is time to suggest, merely hypothetically and provided Galli, Esposito, and the others are right, that the ruin of political modernity cannot but affect symbolic production in a serious way. If so, then we would be living in a time when we can only have literature without concept, nonconceptual artistic production in general, as we await the only ever potential arrival of the new. The conceptual ruin of political action would have come to meet the nonconceptuality of symbolic production, or vice versa.

Arias, Arturo. Tradition versus Modernity in Contemporary Yukatekan Maya Novels? Yuxtaposing X-Teya, u puksi'ik'al ko'olel and U yóok'otilo'oba´ak'ab.  / ¿Tradición contra modernidad en novelas contemporáneas en maya yucateco? Yuxtaposición X-Teya, u puksi'ik'al ko'olel y U yóok'otilo'oba'ak'ab p. 89-110 Guatemala | México

Resumen

In this paper I intend to engage in a dialogic relationship with contemporary indigenous literature, while considering the implications of discursivities that placed themselves in liminality between Westernness and Otherness. It is in this sense that I am presently broadening my understanding of these problematics by looking at two novels still produced within the purview of the Maya world, yet located not only in different languages from those spoken in Guatemala, but in different conceptual spaces that feel at times as if located very far from the vortex that gripped Guatemala during the last half century. I am thinking of two Yukatek novels, Marisol Ceh Moo's X-Teya, u puksi'ik'al ko'olel (Teya, the Heart of a Woman, 2009), and U yóok'otilo'ob áak'ab (Night dances, 2010) by Isaac Esaú Carillo Can. My intention is to propose a reading that unsettles the agency of reading itself. While recognizing that one of the challenges we face with contemporary indigenous textualities, when seen as a hemispheric response to the coloniality of power is how to classify it, how to elaborate a cartography of indigenous textual production, and to what degree can their heterogeneous discursivities be articulated within the confines of modern Nation-states, It should problematize reading itself as a social site building both an-other identity and alterity, I have opted here for exploring the dimensions of incongruity that exist in those texts that we casually label may label as “literature.” Analyzing narrative textualities written in indigenous languages ultimately necessitates an ethics of alterity that conceptualizes the visibility of the other as the founding gesture of both a responsive and responsible cultural studies.

Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies
Papel | Versión digital con suscripción | Trimestral (desde 2011) | Reino Unido Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies. Travesia
ISSN versión papel: 1356-9325
ISSN versión digital: 1469-9575
Año de creación: 1992

Editor: Routledge (Taylor and Francis Group)

Publica artículos sobre la historia y la análisis de la cultura latinoamericana así como sobre el desarrollo de teorías y de métodos a fines de estudiar las costumbres latinoamericanas. Los artículos multi diciplinarios que contribuyen a dar sentido a una área de investigación y de debate están particularmente bienvenidos así como las disciplinas de cierto interés tales como la antropología, la comunicación, la historia y la literatura.

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