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Revista Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies

Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies

Revista Journal of Latin American Studies

Año: 2012 vol. 21 n. 1

Lugo-Ortiz, Agnes. Material Culture, Slavery, and Governability in Colonial Cuba: The Humorous Lessons of the Cigarette Marquillas . p. 61-85 Cuba
Cultura material / Esclavitud / Cigarrillos Marquillas / Cuba colonial
Siglo XIX


This essay discusses how ephemeral artifacts of daily material culture, such as marquillas – the colorful lithographed papers that were used to wrap bundles of cigarettes during the second half of the nineteenth century in Cuba – partook of the symbolization of emergent forms of racialized governability towards the end of slavery on the island. When the para-carcelary regime of the slaveholding plantation was near its final collapse, what sorts of imaginaries and sensibilities were deployed to formulate new fantasies of domination over bodies that once were, theoretically and juridically, the objects of constant surveillance, spatial coercion, and arbitrary punishment? This essay argues that through their humorous content and seductive appearance, these marquillas articulated complex and widespread discursivities by which people of color were reimagined not just as objects of derision but also as temporally immobilized (thus devoid of historical existence) in the cognitive and visual fields of a masterly gaze. In particular, it focuses on two series: the visual narratives of the lives of mulatas, who appear hilariously trapped by an unavoidable punitive destiny, and on an almanac where the lives of poor free blacks and slaves are ridiculously and inescapably bound to a monotonous and repetitive moral tempo.

Arnall, Gavin. Alejo Carpentier's El siglo de las luces: The Translation of Politics and the Politics of Translation . p. 87-102 Cuba
Alejo Carpentier / El siglo de las luces / Traducción de la política
Siglo XX


Alejo Carpentier's novel El siglo de las luces is a fictionalized account of how Enlightenment ideals traveled during the Age of Revolution, a meditation on how European, particularly French, ideas were transformed and implemented in new and unique contexts (e.g., Spain, Cuba, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Suriname). Carpentier thematizes the passage of ideas as a process of translation, both linguistically from French to Spanish, English, or Dutch, and conceptually, from one specific culture to another with different demands of relevance and applicability. The novel complicates the classic issue of the translator's fidelity to the text in that the responsibility to convey a text's original meaning collides with a need to adapt it to the new context. In El siglo, the translator's fidelity to the original confronts the revolutionary's fidelity to the Event in the practice of translating texts, such as the 1789 Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen and the 1793 French Constitution, as well as the Event of the French Revolution itself. This paper will explore the constellation of politics, translation, and fidelity in El siglo, with special reference to the relationship between political translation to propagate revolution and the revolutionary politics of translation.

Bauer, Daniel E. Emergent Identity, Cultural Heritage, and El Mestizaje: Notes from the Ecuadorian Coast . p. 103-121 Ecuador
Identidad / Herencia cultural / Mestizaje
Siglo XXI


The recent emergence of ethnic identities based on territorial claims and historic continuity is increasingly common in Latin America. In many cases ethnic identity is being highlighted as a means of negotiating with the nation-state as a consequence of a history of marginalization and oppression. In Ecuador, communal politics play a central role in the emergence of ethnic based political movements. These movements often involve the reconstitution of cultural practices through reference to the historical past and prehistory as groups that have historically been recognized as mestizo or montuvio push for indigenous rights and state recognition of indigenous cultural heritage and identity. In this article the emergence of an ethnic discourse on the Ecuadorian coast is analyzed with respect to the post-colonial discourse of mestizaje. The reconstitution of ethnic identity in the Ecuadorian context exemplifies the contradictions inherent within the ideology of mestizaje while simultaneously pointing to the fluidity of ethnic identity as a form of cultural capital that can be used to negotiate with the nation-state.

Arbaiza, Diana. Spain as Archive: Constructing a Colombian Modernity in the Writings of Soledad Acosta de Samper . p. 123-144 Colombia
Soledad Acosta de Samper / Modernidad colombiana
Siglo XIX


At the turn of the nineteenth century, conservative Creoles subscribed to a Hispanist discourse that promoted the idea of a Hispanic Transatlantic community that shared race, culture and religion. This paper focuses on the work of the Colombian author Soledad Acosta de Samper to examine how this Hispanist discourse did not promote an imitation of subordination to Spanish culture but an instrumentalization of this Hispanic identity for Creole nation-building projects. Acosta de Samper conceived of this identification as a means not only to ‘deindigenize’ Colombia but to counteract the French and British influence that she considered corrupting. However, the reality of Spanish society she faced during her trip to Spain in 1892 would lead her to question her original project. Believing Colombia to be more advanced than Spain, Acosta de Samper depicted the former metropole as unable to reach modernity but rather serving as an archive or museum of Hispanic tradition through which Colombians could create their own concept of modernity. This paper not only furthers the recovery work of the most prominent woman writer in nineteenth century Colombia, but investigates the ambivalent relation of the Spanish American Creoles with their ex colonizer through her writings.

Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies
Papel | Versión digital con suscripción | Trimestral (desde 2011) | Reino Unido Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies. Travesia
ISSN versión papel: 1356-9325
ISSN versión digital: 1469-9575
Año de creación: 1992

Editor: Routledge (Taylor and Francis Group)

Publica artículos sobre la historia y la análisis de la cultura latinoamericana así como sobre el desarrollo de teorías y de métodos a fines de estudiar las costumbres latinoamericanas. Los artículos multi diciplinarios que contribuyen a dar sentido a una área de investigación y de debate están particularmente bienvenidos así como las disciplinas de cierto interés tales como la antropología, la comunicación, la historia y la literatura.

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