- - -
América Latina Portal Europeo
REDIAL Red Europea de Información y Documentación sobre América Latina
CEISAL Consejo Europeo de Investigaciones Sociales de América Latina
Revista Bulletin of Latin American Research

Bulletin of Spanish Studies

Revista C.A.F.E. (Cahiers des Amériques – Figures de l’Entre)

Año: 2013 vol. 90 n. 6

De Rosa, Xon. Poets under the Influence: Antonio Machado and Jorge Luis Borges.  / Poetas bajo influencia: Antonio Machado y Jorge Luis Borges p. 993-1009 Argentina
Antonio Machado, Jorge Luis Borges, tradición poética, comparativismo, Harold Bloom, anxiedad de influencia, vanguardia española


This article offers a comparative study of two poems by Antonio Machado and Jorge Luis Borges, respectively, in the light of Harold Bloom's theory of influence. As well as having the figure of the father as their subject, both poems share a number of formal and structural features, suggesting a relation of influence. Their different tone, however, reveals a disparity in their stance towards the internalized tradition symbolized in the image of the father. The dynamic behind their individual positions vis-à-vis poetic tradition is explored in the context of the emergence and subsequent demise of the avant-garde.

Roberts, Nicholas. Variations on a Theme: Scored Music and Language in Julio Cortázar's "Clone".  / Variaciones sobre un tema: música marcada y lenguaje en "Clon" de Julio Cortázar p. 1011-1034 Argentina
Julio Cortázar, música, lenguaje, ‘Clon’, versiones, Carlo Gesualdo, performance, manuscrito, Bach


For Julio Cortázar, scored music exhibits the same problematics as language. ‘Clone’ constitutes Cortázar's most sustained exposition of this idea. The story abounds in musical versions and performances, denying any access to the putative originary centre of the music of Carlo Gesualdo sought by the group of madrigal singers. At the same time, the singers unconsciously enact events from Gesualdo's life, giving a version or performance of a story whose ‘originary truth’ is itself unknowable outside of the (textual) versions of biography. The third level of performance is the text itself. The story's epilogue and Cortázar's hand-written manuscript of both it and the story reveals ‘Clone’ to be a performance of a textual version of a (musical) version of Bach's Musical Offering, further destabilising the notion of an ‘originary’ text/performance. However, the epilogue's implications are more far-reaching, with humans emerging as (passive) sites where a multiplicity of performances (of texts) is enacted. This radically alters our understanding of Cortázar's work. Rather than seeing the central concern as the need for a transgressive response to a ‘repression-return of the repressed-repression’ cycle, ‘Clone’ suggests that what is required is a liberation from the interpretative/performative structures, or ‘textual chains’, through which we live.

Bulletin of Spanish Studies
Papel | Versión digital con suscripción | Ocho veces al año | Reino Unido BSS
ISSN versión papel: 1475-3820
ISSN versión digital: 1478-3428
Año de creación: 1923

Editor: Taylor & Francis - Routledge
Dirección: 2 Park Square
Milton Park
Oxford OX14 4RN
Reino Unido

El Boletín de Estudios Hispánicos se dedicada a los idiomas, a la literatura y a la civilización de España, de Portugal y de América Latina. Se publican artículos de investigadores (en inglés, español, portugués, catalán o francés) referidos a estos campos.
Ceisal Redial © REDIAL & CEISAL. Responsabilidad editorial: Araceli García Martín - AECID (Madrid, España),
Jussi Pakkasvirta - Ceisal (Helsinki, Finlandia).
Desarrollo web: Olivier Bertoncello Data Consulting    Alojamiento web: CCIN2P3