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Revista Bulletin of Latin American Research

Bulletin of Spanish Studies

Revista C.A.F.E. (Cahiers des Amériques – Figures de l’Entre)

Año: 2012 vol. 89 n. 3

Rea, Lauren. ‘Los que se fueron y los que se quedaron’: History, Exile and Censorship in Ricardo Piglia's Respiración artificial and Manuel Puig's Maldición eterna a quien lea estas páginas . p. 415-433 Argentina


Ricardo Piglia's Respiración artificial and Manuel Puig's Maldicióneterna a quien lea estaspáginas were both published in 1980 during military rule in Argentina and both are examples of resistance to the dictatorship through literature. However, whilst Piglia's novel was published within Argentina, Puig's novel was written in exile and published outside Argentina. Whilst exile afforded Puig the opportunity to write freely without the constraints of censorship, his authority to write a novel of the dictatorship is questioned as he did not experience life under the regime. In contrast, Piglia's work is heralded as an example of authentic resistance as his heavily coded novel successfully evaded the censors. By comparing the strategies of resistance in these two novels, this article seeks to challenge the categorization of the novel of the dictatorship along the dividing line of exile. Whilst both novels reveal different perspectives on the theme of exile, they share a common sensitivity to the ethical problems of narrating the dictatorship. Both novels adopt strategies of censorship in order to avoiding complicity with the regime and this self-censorship emerges as a shared act of resistance.

Astvaldsson, Astvaldur. In War and in Peace: Representations of Men of Violence in Salvadoran Literature. p. 435-454 El Salvador
Siglo XX


Since Martínez’ coup (1931) Salvadoran history has been marked by extreme violence, mostly been perpetrated by men, local and foreign. And if with the end of the Civil War (1980–1992) hope was raised that a peaceful future lay ahead, reality has turned out to be different: not only has violence continued to blight the nation's life but it often appears even more senseless than before. Not surprisingly, then, portrayals of men of violence are central to the work of many Salvadoran writers. Drawing on the work of two leading writers, this paper examines how, in novels written and published during and after the Civil War, respectively, each depicts particular types of the ‘men of violence’ who have terrorized the nation for so long. Who are these men, where do they come from, what motivates them? These are the kind of questions the authors ask, but are there any obvious answers to be found? As a secondary objective, the paper seeks to assess the extent to which Connell's influential concept of hegemonic masculinity can be imported discursively from the social sciences to help us understand the issues involved.

Bulletin of Spanish Studies
Papel | Versión digital con suscripción | Ocho veces al año | Reino Unido BSS
ISSN versión papel: 1475-3820
ISSN versión digital: 1478-3428
Año de creación: 1923

Editor: Taylor & Francis - Routledge
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El Boletín de Estudios Hispánicos se dedicada a los idiomas, a la literatura y a la civilización de España, de Portugal y de América Latina. Se publican artículos de investigadores (en inglés, español, portugués, catalán o francés) referidos a estos campos.
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