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Revista Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Bulletin of Latin American Research

Revista Bulletin of Spanish Studies

Año: 2015 vol. 34 n. 1

Eloy, Ludivine ; Brondizio, Eduardo S. ; Do Pateo, Rogerio. New Perspectives on Mobility, Urbanisation and Resource Management in Riverine Amazônia.  / Nuevas perspectivas sobre movilidad, urbanismo y gestión de recursos en la Amazonía ribereña p. 3-18 Brasil
Amazonía brasileña / Urbanismo / Circulación / Conservación / Derechos de uso de la tierra
Siglo XX | Siglo XXI

Resumen

In recent years, the Amazon has experienced simultaneous processes of urbanisation and creation of protected areas. Debates over the changing role of traditional peoples in the management of such areas have largely taken place in the absence of reliable information on these populations' connections to urban areas. We review the literature on Amazônia to explore how rural–urban mobility redefines patterns of resource use. The focus is primarily on riverine areas of the Brazilian Amazon. Connection to urban areas does not necessarily imply deep changes in production techniques, but induces new norms, rules and values around access to and management of resources. Rural–urban mobility challenges the capacity of local groups to maintain collective resource management, but on the other hand involves the reassertion of traditional territories and identities through social and economic networks.

Tritsch, Isabelle ; Marmoex, Cyril ; Davy, Damien ; Thibaut, Bernard ; Gon, Valery. Towards a Revival of Indigenous Mobility in French Guiana? Contemporary Transformations of the Wayãpi and Teko Territories.  / ¿Hacia un renacimiento de la movilidad Indígena en la Guayana Francesa? Transformaciones contemporáneas de los territorios Wayãpi y Teko p. 19-34 Guayana francesa
Políticas de conservación / Guayana francesa / Reclamaciones de identidad / Territorios indígenas / Hogares multiubicados / Gobernanza territorial
Siglo XX | Siglo XXI

Resumen

The goal of this article is to understand the contemporary transformations of indigenous territories in relation to several factors, including urbanisation, population growth, economic development and conservation policies. Using socio-economic, governance and land use data, we explain the current territorial reorganisations of the Wayãpi and Teko indigenous peoples. We demonstrate the existence of an emerging ‘multi-sited’ land use system that allows these indigenous peoples to benefit from resources in both urban and forest areas and ensures sovereignty over the territory. We emphasise the role of the delimitation of protected areas in catalysing identity claims and the process of land use reformulation.

Nasuti, Stephanie ; Eloy, Ludivine ; Raimbert, Celine ; Le Tourneau, François-Michel. Can Rural–Urban Household Mobility Indicate Differences in Resource Management within Amazonian Communities?.  / ¿Puede la movilidad de hogares rural urbanos indicar diferencias en gestión de recursos dentro de las comunidades amazónicas? p. 35-52 Cuenca Amazónica
Brasil
Amazonía / Complementariedad de hogares / Derechos de propiedad / Quilombolas / Mobilidad rural-urbana
Siglo XXI

Resumen

This article aims to understand the relationships between rural–urban mobility and economic differentiation in Amazonian communities, through a multi-scaled methodological framework. We focus on Amazonian quilombola communities (Pará State, Brazil), and we use a rural–urban circulation index to untangle the concept of mobility system. We show that individual mobility patterns are embedded in a process of multilocalisation, articulating rural and urban areas at a collective level. Economic diversification relies on complementarity of circulation within households. In this sense, the ability of some families to maintain resource rights in different places is one of the premises for economic differentiation.

Sobreiro, Thaissa. Urban-Rural Livelihoods, Fishing Conflicts and Indigenous Movements in the Middle Rio Negro Region of the Brazilian Amazon.  / Modos de vida urbano-rurales, conflictos de pesca y movimientos indígenas en la región de Middle Rio Negro de la Amazonía brasileña p. 53-69 Cuenca Amazónica
Brasil
Amazonía / Pesca / Conflicto / Indígenas / Urbano-rural
Siglo XXI

Resumen

This paper discusses how changing urban–rural relationships pose new opportunities and challenges for resource management in the municipality of Barcelos, Middle Rio Negro, Brazilian Amazon. The conflicts arising from poor delimitation of the rights of different resource users, as well as increasing rural–urban connections, have mobilised indigenous peoples to seek to protect traditional fishing territories. However, people's mobility challenges resource management models that are based on permanent residence. This complexity underscores the urgent need for new ecological and political management models to deal with the flux of both people and natural resources, without excluding minority groups.

Emperaire, Laure ; Eloy, Ludivine. Amerindian Agriculture in an Urbanising Amazonia (Rio Negro, Brazil).  / Agricultura amerindia en una Amazonía urbanizada (Río Negro, Brasil) p. 70-84 Cuenca Amazónica
Brasil
Agrobiodiversidad / Amazonía / Yuca / Agricultura indígena periurbana / Agricultura de desplazamiento
Siglo XXI

Resumen

This article explores the transformations undergone by indigenous agricultural systems in periurban areas of the Rio Negro (Amazonas, Brazil). Rather than losing their characteristics, these systems have basically been transposed from a forest context to periurban areas, maintaining multi-plot cultivation, dynamic management of agrobiodiversity and traditional knowledge. But this agriculture is confronted by the values of modernity embedded in urban agriculture. The recognition of the ecological and cultural relevance of indigenous practices depends on new kinds of market integration and partnerships.

Rothstein, Frances A. . ‘Porque Las Raizes No Se Olvidan’: Continuity and Change among Mexican Migrants in New Jersey.  / "Porque las raíces no se olvidan": Continuidad y cambio entre los emigrantes mexicanos en New Jersey  p. 85-98 México
Género / Redes sociales / Migración
Siglo XXI

Resumen

This paper examines how, as in the past in their home community in Mexico, Mexican immigrants in the United States use a system of flexible kinship and ritual practices to adapt to new circumstances of living and working in communities with new neighbours, new challenges and new threats. The paper focuses particularly on how the increased presence of women who have not always been a large part of the Mexican migrant community in the United States and their ‘kin work’ allows migrants to maintain and extend their social networks. Through various family and ritual events, migrants integrate new friends and acquaintances with new resources into their social networks and thus facilitate their survival in their new home

Bulletin of Latin American Research
Papel | Versión digital con suscripción | Trimestral | Reino Unido ISSN versión papel: 0261-3050
ISSN versión digital: 1470-9856
Año de creación: 1981

Editor: Society for Latin American Studies
Dirección: University of Liverpool, Room 313a, Cypress Building, L69 7ZR Liverpool

Este Boletín aspira a reflejar una investigación original sobre asuntos corrientes dedicados a América Latina mediante la publicación de largos artículos relacionados con las ciencias sociales y humanas. Se publican artículos más cortos sobre temas de actualidad en lo que atañe el estudio de América Latina, artículos de revista, el progreso de la ciencia, críticas de libros, y notas. Recientemente, una sección « debate » ha sido añadida dedicada a presentar análisis vanguardistas sobre tópicos específicos analizados por especialistas.
Texto completo disponible en Wiley Online Library para los números desde 1995; los anteriores en JSTOR

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Sistema Regional de Información en Línea para Revistas Científicas de América Latina, el Caribe, España y Portugal. Recurso creado por una red internacional que reune y difunde información bibliográfica sobre las publicaciones científicas seriadas producidas en la región. El "Directorio" recoge las publicaciones académicas y científicas que superan un nivel mínimo de calidad editorial, mientras que en el "Catálogo" ingresan aquellas que alcanzan un nivel óptimo en los criterios de evaluación. REDIAL colabora suministrando información sobre las revistas latinoamericanistas europeas.

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