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Revista Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Bulletin of Latin American Research

Revista Bulletin of Spanish Studies

Año: 2013 vol. 32 n. 3

Richardson, Ben; Richardson Ngwenya, Pamela. Cut Loose in the Caribbean: Neoliberalism and the Demise of the Commonwealth Sugar Trade.  / Escisión en el Caribe: el neoliberalismo y la desaparición del comercio de azúcar en la Commonwealth p. 263–278 Caribe
Caribe; Commonwealth; Acuerdos de asociación económica; comercio internacional; neoliberalismo; azúcar

Resumen

This article focuses on the way the Anglophone Caribbean succumbed to the overhaul of the European Union sugar trade and how these countries have attempted to restructure their economies in its wake. We show how the protagonists of reform gave a sense of inevitability to the demise of the Commonwealth trade system and conveyed (unrealistic) strategies for how this should be managed for the benefit of the Caribbean. In this way we detail the hegemony of neoliberalism in contemporary trade politics and the need for alternative strategies for rural development in the Caribbean region.

Philip, George. Nationalism and the Rise of Peru's General Velasco.  / Nacionalismo y el surgimiento del Perú del general Velasco p. 279–293 Perú
Nacionalismo; Perú; relaciones poder civil-militar; General Velasco; Gobierno de Estados Unidos
Siglo XX

Resumen

Velasco's brand of military nationalism marked a real break from the orientation of the majority of Peruvian military regimes, which were pro-United States and espoused limited government. Many attempts have been made to explain this outcome, but the release of documents from British and United States archives clarify certain issues. Above all, Velasco's use of the nationalist card enabled him to win over decisive support from both the military and political society. This support gave him sufficient leverage to consolidate his personal position, which he did before launching a major programme of domestic property expropriation.

Mora, Claudia; Undurraga, Eduardo A. Racialisation of Immigrants at Work: Labour Mobility and Segmentation of Peruvian Migrants in Chile.  / Racialización de los inmigrantes en el trabajo: movilidad laboral y segmentación de los emigrantes peruanos en Chile p. 294–310 Chile | Perú
Inmigración; desigualdad; mercado laboral; racialización; estratificación social; migración sur-sur

Resumen

This article explores the emergent racialisation of Peruvian migrants as one element conditioning the labour segregation that characterises Peruvian insertion in Chile. We understand racialisation as a process of construction of categories in which both individual and collective actors participate, and whose expression is demonstrated by the differentiation and inequality that affects the racialised group. We tackle the articulation of racial differences among individual actors, both Chilean employers and Peruvian migrant workers, to suggest that the attribution of naturalised characteristics to migrants is related to segregation, mobility, and specific trajectories in the labour market.

Calandra, Benedetta. Exile and Diaspora in an Atypical Context: Chileans and Argentineans in the United States (1973–2005).  / Exilio y diáspora en un contexto atípico: chilenos y argentinos en los Estados Unidos (1973-2005) p. 311–324 Argentina | Chile
Sentimiento antiamericano; diáspora; exilio; memoria; política en el Cono Sur latinoamericano; organizaciones de solidaridad

Resumen

This article focuses on two groups of Southern Cone exiles' communities, Chileans and Argentineans, choosing to settle down in an atypical destination: the United States. After estimating some qualitative and quantitative findings, the article delves into the ways these communities settle down, remember their relationship with politics, maintain their connection with exiled fellow-countrymen worldwide and perceive their national identity. By relying on an empirical, single-case perspective, with no theoretical ambitions to extrapolate its conclusions to other contexts, this article examines the extent to which the conceptualisation of the exile and diaspora categories changes when applied to these two communities.

Gugliano, Alfredo Alejandro; Gallo, Carlos Artur. On the Ruins of the Democratic Transition: Human Rights as an Agenda Item in Abeyance for the Brazilian Democracy.  / Sobre las ruinas de la transición democrática: derechos humanos como un punto de la agenda en suspenso para la democracia brasileña p. 325–338 Brasil
Democracia; derechos humanos; transición a la democracia

Resumen

This article discusses one of the main controversies in Brazilian society at this moment: the development of a national policy of human rights and the return of the debate on political crimes committed under the military dictatorship from 1964 onwards. The main hypothesis associates the barriers imposed on that human rights policy to the way in which democracy was retaken in the country and the model on which important segments related to the authoritarian government occupied strategic roles. Even today, this presents a real difficulty in terms of recovery and, if necessary, punishment for the crimes committed by the government during the dictatorship, which in turn makes the development of human rights policies more complicated.

López-Calvo, Ignacio. The Death of the Author through False Translation in Mario Bellatin's Orientalised Japan.  / La muerte del autor a través de la falsa traducción en el Japón orientalizado de Mario Bellatin p. 339–353 Perú
Bellatin; muerte del autor; falsa traducción; Japón; orientalización; discapacidad física

Resumen

This article argues that Mario Bellatin's exploration of the potential relationship between writing, translation and physical deformity leads, perhaps unconsciously, to the continuation of exoticising stereotypes about ‘Oriental’ cultures. In El jardín de la señora Murakami, Shiki Nagaoka: una nariz de ficción, and Biografía ilustrada de Mishima, Bellatin resorts to Japanese characters to distance himself from his own writings, as if it were the culture that is the most alien to his own. His lucubrations about reading and writing are sometimes accompanied of exocitising and orientalist overtones, which he mocks at times.

Bulletin of Latin American Research
Papel | Versión digital con suscripción | Trimestral | Reino Unido ISSN versión papel: 0261-3050
ISSN versión digital: 1470-9856
Año de creación: 1981

Editor: Society for Latin American Studies
Dirección: University of Liverpool, Room 313a, Cypress Building, L69 7ZR Liverpool

Este Boletín aspira a reflejar una investigación original sobre asuntos corrientes dedicados a América Latina mediante la publicación de largos artículos relacionados con las ciencias sociales y humanas. Se publican artículos más cortos sobre temas de actualidad en lo que atañe el estudio de América Latina, artículos de revista, el progreso de la ciencia, críticas de libros, y notas. Recientemente, una sección « debate » ha sido añadida dedicada a presentar análisis vanguardistas sobre tópicos específicos analizados por especialistas.
Texto completo disponible en Wiley Online Library para los números desde 1995; los anteriores en JSTOR

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