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Revista Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Bulletin of Latin American Research

Revista Bulletin of Spanish Studies

Año: 2008 vol. 27 n. 3

Payne, Anthony After Bananas: The IMF and the Politics of Stabilisation and Diversification in Dominica . [Trad. Después del Banano: El FMI y la Política de Estabilización y de Diversificación en Dominica] p. 317 Caribe
Dominica
Resumen

Dominica was the quintessential banana island but now faces a major turning point in its history caused by the changing position of this crop within the global political economy. As the decline of its banana industry generated a major economic crisis, it was forced in 2002 to make a desperate turn towards the International Monetary Fund (IMF). It has remained under IMF supervision ever since, but has at last begun to chart the bases of a post-banana development strategy under the leadership of Roosevelt Skerrit, projected into the leadership of his country at an early age by the death of his predecessor but since re-elected to office in May 2005.

Moret, Erica. Afro-Cuban Religion, Ethnobotany and Healthcare in the Context of Global Political and Economic Change . p. 333-350 Caribe
Cuba


Resumen

‘Globalisation’, driven by neoliberal-based policies, can be seen to have significant impacts on ethnobotanical practices, particularly through the commercialisation of traditional knowledge and rise in identity-based social movements. Despite its relative political and economic isolation in comparison to more ‘neoliberalised’ areas of Latin America, local-level shifts occurring in post-Soviet Cuba are similar to those occurring elsewhere in the region. Afro-Cuban ritual activities have proliferated, particularly in Havana, leading to an increased dependence on the rich magico-medicinal pharmacopoeias employed in hybridised religions such as santería and palo monte – suggesting that ‘globalisation’ may have profound, albeit indirect, implications for even the most economically marginalised countries such as Cuba.

Mendoza Zuany, Rosa Guadalupe Dealing with Diversity in the Construction of Indigenous Autonomy in the Sierra Norte of Oaxaca . [Trad. Encargarse de la Diversidad en la Construcción de la Autonomía Indígena en la Sierra Norte de Oaxaca] p. 351 América del Norte
México
Resumen

Building autonomy in the Sierra Norte of Oaxaca has not depended on the development of Zapotec ethnic identities, isolation or rejection of the integration of outsiders into the communities. The communities of Ixtlán and Guelatao have developed strong local identities and strategies related to the appropriation of external legal categories, and the combination of these with their own customary practices to integrate newcomers into their social, political and economic organisation. Dialogue has been one of the main tools for building autonomy and achieve the integration of outsiders, while continuing the dynamic reproduction of their internal organisation and way of life.

Schaumberg, Heike In Search of Alternatives: The Making of Grassroots Politics and Power in Argentina . [Trad. En Búsqueda de Alternativas: La Construcción de la Política Local y del Poder en Argentina] p. 368 América del Sur
Argentina
Resumen

This article analyses ethnographically the reconfigurations of the state and relations of power through their dynamic interactions with subaltern alternatives that emerged in the 2001 uprising in Argentina. In this regard, it counters influential interpretations of these events articulated within John Holloway’s framework of ‘anti-power’, which ignores the reconstruction of the state, and rank and file trade unionism. The article concludes that intensified class and political struggles in the region offer new spaces for contesting hegemonic reinventions of populism and ‘top-down’ socialism in Latin America.

Morris, Stephen D. Disaggregating Corruption: A Comparison of Participation and Perceptions in Latin America with a Focus on Mexico. [Trad. Apartando la Corrupción: Una Comparación de la Participación y de las Percepciones de América latina con un Enfoque sobre México ] p. 388 América Latina ; América del Norte
México
Resumen

An abundant empirical literature on corruption relying on survey research has emerged since the mid-1990s. The predominant line of inquiry concerns perceptions of corruption with respect to institutions and processes. Another, separate line of inquiry that has enjoyed less attention concerns reports about individuals’ participation in corruption. These two dimensions of corruption, however, are typically conflated, leading to error and confusion. This article explores the relationship between the two and seeks to differentiate the two. Using data at the country and individual levels, analysis shows how the two may be only weakly related to one another – though causality remains unclear – and respond to distinct sets of determinants and generate distinct outcomes. The analysis underlines the need to specify the findings in the literature: that the causes and consequences of corruption relate more to ‘perceived’ corruption rather than actual corruption.

Avilés, William. US Intervention in Colombia: The Role of Transnational Relations . p. 410 América del Sur

Resumen

In July 2000, US President, Bill Clinton, signed into law the aid package popularly known as ‘Plan Colombia’. Foreign policy analysts examining the ‘US drug war’ have generally focused upon the perceived national security interests of the US state and/or the intermestic nature of domestic politics, or the economic interests of an imperial US state in explaining US drug policy. I posit that the development, initiation and implementation of Plan Colombia cannot solely be understood through these various nation-state paradigms, as this process was aided by, and facilitated through, an incipient transnational state. The emergence and consolidation into power of a neoliberal state within Colombia, the role of transnational lobbying by US and Colombian policy-makers, as well as the influence of transnational corporations all played instrumental roles in the initiation, development and implementation of Plan Colombia.

Bulletin of Latin American Research
Papel | Versión digital con suscripción | Trimestral | Reino Unido ISSN versión papel: 0261-3050
ISSN versión digital: 1470-9856
Año de creación: 1981

Editor: Society for Latin American Studies
Dirección: University of Liverpool, Room 313a, Cypress Building, L69 7ZR Liverpool

Este Boletín aspira a reflejar una investigación original sobre asuntos corrientes dedicados a América Latina mediante la publicación de largos artículos relacionados con las ciencias sociales y humanas. Se publican artículos más cortos sobre temas de actualidad en lo que atañe el estudio de América Latina, artículos de revista, el progreso de la ciencia, críticas de libros, y notas. Recientemente, una sección « debate » ha sido añadida dedicada a presentar análisis vanguardistas sobre tópicos específicos analizados por especialistas.
Texto completo disponible en Wiley Online Library para los números desde 1995; los anteriores en JSTOR

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