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Revista Ética y Gobernabilidad

Études caribéennes

Revista Europa & América Latina

Año: 2011 n. 19

Dehoorne, Olivier; Tafani, Caroline (eds.). The changing world of coastal, island and tropical tourismAntillas | Caribe
Guadalupe | Guyana | Jamaica | Martinica | México | Suriname
Turismo / Islas / Litoral / Desarrollo turístico
Época contemporánea

Resumen

Les littoraux et les îles sont des espaces particulièrement prisés par le développement du tourisme à travers le monde. Entre « désir de rivages » et « île fantasmée », ces espaces convoités, tant pour leurs dimensions tangibles qu’intangibles, s’ouvrent au tourisme. Séduits par les opportunités économiques dont ils ont tant besoin, plus ou moins conscients de leur avantage comparatif et de leurs limites, ils livrent des ressources préservées, des plus vulnérables, autour desquelles se construisent de complexes relations et enjeux.

Schuhmann, Peter W. Tourist perceptions of beach cleanliness in Barbados: Implications for return visitation.  / Percepciones turísticas de la limpieza de las playas en Barbados: implicaciones para el retorno de visitantes  In  The changing world of coastal, island and tropical tourism Caribe
Barbados
Contaminación, Calidad de las playas, Barbados, Percepción, Turismo, Residuos

Resumen

The quality of the natural environment is inexorably linked to tourism in the Caribbean. Tourists are attracted to the beauty of the Caribbean coastal and marine environment, generating significant economic activity and employment. The resulting development and concentration of human activities in the coastal zone may have deleterious effects on environmental quality and tourists’ willingness to return. Using a survey administered to over 2,000 tourists in Barbados, this work examines tourist perceptions of beach quality and encounters with beach litter. The relationship between the quality of the coastal environment and the probability of return visitation is empirically investigated. Results demonstrate a clear link between viewing beach litter and the perceived quality of beaches and that tourists who stayed beachfront or in large hotels encountered significantly less beach litter and had higher ratings of beach quality. The amount of litter viewed and stated perceptions of beach quality are significantly associated with the probability of return visitation, especially for first-time visitors. Results of this study suggest that targeted beach clean-up efforts may enhance the probability of return visitation and create significant economic value.

Miller, Novadene. Achieving Sustainability of natural resources and obtaining economic goals. Tourism’s Pandora’s box.  / El logro de la sostenibilidad de los recursos naturales y la obtención de objetivos económicos. La caja de Pandora del Turismo  In  The changing world of coastal, island and tropical tourism Caribe
Jamaica
Desarrollo sostenible, Jamaica, Ecosistema, Agua

Resumen

The tourism industry has realized that the goals to protect the environment and goals of the economy are often not compatible. Thus countries such as Jamaica whose principal economic earner is tourism are seeking methods to green their national accounts and policies. However livelihood socioeconomic systems of the local population often conflict with sustainable policies. Furthermore these livelihood systems to eke out a living are often not regulated and fall outside the formal structures of governance, and sustainable regulation systems and policies. This article examines this Pandora ’s Box within the context of Jamaica, Cockpit country with a focus on water, as natural resource used by both the tourist sector and the local population.

Dehoorne, Olivier; Augier, Dominique. Towards a new tourism policy in the French West Indies: the end of mass tourism resorts and a new policy for sustainable tourism and ecotourism.  / Hacia una nueva política turística en las Antillas francesas: el final de la misa complejos turísticos por una nueva política para el turismo sostenible y el ecoturismo  In  The changing world of coastal, island and tropical tourism Antillas
Martinica
Turismo, Desarrollo, Ecoturismo, Isla, Antillas Menores, Martinica

Resumen

In the context of this study, we propose to analyze the limits of mass tourism in the French Antilles (depreciation of tourism, economic limitations, and ecological nuisance). The recognition of these limits is at the origin of late awareness of the need to define another model for tourism development. In the south of Martinique, the most popular coastal sector, they have implemented new regulations to protect marine resources. This requires the development of new practices and increased awareness from tourists, for example, around coral reefs and mangroves. Ecotourism programs also aim to show visitors the forests rich natural resources and biodiversity. This initiative also includes small rural businesses that receive new revenues through tourism. The situation is complex in the French Indies: urbanization has caused important consequences for the coastline. Presently, marketed Tourism products are not competitive (mainly, the competition is with the political dynamics of the nearby island of Dominica). Ecotourism and sustainable tourism have just begun to develop in these touristic destinations, destination where the tourism has been in decline these past ten years. This situation is rather problematic for high tourist destinations. Unquestionably, ecotourism helps to outline adaptation difficulties for new tourism practices.

Dupont, Louis. Essai d’évaluation des effets économiques de grandes manifestations sportives : le cas de la Route du rhum en Guadeloupe.  / Ensayo de evaluación de los efectos económicos de grandes manifestaciones deportivas: el caso de la Ruta del ron en Guadalupe  In  The changing world of coastal, island and tropical tourism Antillas
Guadalupe
Evaluación, Ruta del ron, Teoría de la base económica, Análisis input-output, Análisis econométrico, Ratio coste-beneficio, Multiplicadores, Meta-análisis

Resumen

Evaluer les retombées économiques de manifestations sportives sur les territoires d’accueil est l’une des conditions permettant de décider de la pérennisation ou non de ces évènements. Cette évaluation revêt une grande importance pour les prestataires de services, les institutionnels et les diverses entreprises qui y sont engagés, car elle leur permet d’avoir une vision plus claire du marché, et le cas échéant d’ajuster et d’affiner leur politique évènementielle pour l’avenir. Aujourd’hui, apparaît de plus en plus un besoin croissant d’évaluation de la part de praticiens et d’acteurs publics impliqués dans les activités sportives. Ces derniers comme le grand public s’interrogent quelquefois sur l’utilité ou la pertinence économique et sociale de tels évènements.

Martínez Cárdenas, Rogelio. Regional Development Through Religious Tourism: San Juan de los Lagos and Jalostotitlán in Los Altos de Jalisco Region, Mexico.  / Desarrollo Regional por medio del turismo religioso: San Juan de los Lagos y Jalostotitlán, en Los Altos de Jalisco Region, México  In  The changing world of coastal, island and tropical tourism México
Turismo religioso, Desarrollo económico, Altos de Jalisco, Religión, Turismo

Resumen

This document shows several of the main findings of the research work in the towns of San Juan de los Lagos and Santa Ana de Guadalupe, Jalostotitlán, Mexico, on the occasion of knowing the impact it has had the policy used by the Ministry of Tourism, regarding the promotion of religious tourism in both populations as a source for economic development. Among the findings are that the project whose intent is to develop a similar route to that of the "Camino de Santiago" in Spain, and include both populations is often unknown to visitors to these religious sites. Another important result concerns the data were limited marketing of products manufactured locally or regionally. This prevents the economic benefits of religious tourism that visits this population, have very little benefit to people nearby.

Dehoorne, Olivier; Furt, Jean-Marie; Tafani, Caroline. L’éco-tourisme, un « modèle » de tourisme alternatif pour les territoires insulaires touristiques français ? Discussion à partir d’expériences croisées Corse-Martinique.  / El eco-turismo, ¿un "modelo" de turismo alternativo para los territorios insulares turísticos franceses? Discusión a partir de experiencias cruzadas de Córcega y Martinica  In  The changing world of coastal, island and tropical tourism Antillas | Caribe
Martinica
Insularidad, Ecoturismo, Modelo de desarrollo, Estudio comparado, Córcega, Martinica

Resumen

A partir d’une étude comparée originale qui met en perspective des expériences insulaires prises en Corse et en Martinique, cette communication interroge la portée de l’éco-tourisme comme alternative au tourisme de masse pour les territoires insulaires français. Les deux destinations touristiques sont tout d’abord présentées brièvement : l’examen du type de tourisme développé et de ses conséquences socio-spatiales amène à discuter, pour chacune des îles, l’existence d’une attente sociétale prégnante pour faire du tourisme autrement. Il est ensuite montré que le positionnement des pouvoirs publics en matière de tourisme alternatif, qui reste de l’ordre du discours, incite les acteurs locaux à mener leurs propres projets. Or, en matière de développement local, les retombées des ces initiatives locales, éparses et disjointes, sont somme toute très faibles. Ces constats conduisent à la présentation d’un modèle conceptuel d’écotourisme pour les territoires insulaires, qui cherche autant à clarifier la définition de l’écotourisme qu’à ouvrir la discussion sur des recommandations pour aller vers plus de durabilité.

George, Annette A.; Richards, Darlington. Tourism in Trinidad and Tobago: The Evolving Attitudes and Behaviors and its Implications in an Era of HIV/AIDS Epidemic.  / Turismo en Trinidad y Tobago: Actitudes y comportamientos emergentes y sus implicaciones en una era de epidemia del VIH/SIDA  In  The changing world of coastal, island and tropical tourism Caribe
Trinidad y Tobago
Caribe, turismo, Carnaval, Trinidad y Tobago, VIH/SIDA

Resumen

The Caribbean has always been viewed as a tourist attraction for pleasure seeking individuals. Over several years, there has been evolved a rather intimate and interactive relationship between visitors and their hosts. The culmination of which is the rather romantic fascination of tourists toward locals in many Caribbean destinations. This is not a new phenomenon, as this pattern is one that evolved at the advent of tourism in the region. Economic and social factors are some of the competing contributors to this phenomenon. It would appear that with the increased influx of tourists in Caribbean destinations, that an astronomical increase in the reported cases of HIV/AIDS and other sexually related transmitted diseases are also witnessed. Trinidad and Tobago (T&T) is amongst the worst exposed in the Caribbean outside of the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Latest reports by the UNAIDS indicates that the number of reported cases in T&T has reached unprecedented levels (over 20,000 in 2009) and continues to increase. This study looks critically at the extent to which tourism and other related leisure activities including carnival, and the cultural diffusion it brings may be contributing to this epidemic. It is also hoped that this study will try to articulate possible suggestions to contain what is increasingly leading to a myriad of cultural, social and economic challenges for the country.

Lohmann, Martin; Hübner, Anna C. Tourists’ Weather Perceptions and Weather Related behavior. A qualitative pilot study with holiday tourists to Martinique.  / Percepción de las condiciones meteorológicas y comportamientos de los turistas relacionados con el tiempo. Un estudio piloto cualitativo con turistas en Martinica  In  The changing world of coastal, island and tropical tourism Antillas | Caribe
Martinica
Percepciones turísticas del tiempo, Aceptación del tiempo, Adaptación, Cambio climático y comportamiento in situ

Resumen

This study explores weather perceptions, evaluations and behavior of holiday-tourists to the French Caribbean island of La Martinique. Herein, the importance of selected weather parameters for a ‘typical’ summer holiday, for the choice that was made in coming to Martinique and for planned activities is examined. 32 snapshot interviews were held in two brief time periods within a month. Results illustrated slight differences in climate preferences for respondents depending whether they come from a cold or from a warm climate country, that activity patterns seemed overall little influenced by changing weather conditions and that the experienced weather, which was marked by heavy rains in the first data collection period and by changeable weather in the second, appeared to take only a limited impact on return intentions. Albeit the limited possibility of a pilot study to produce valid and reliable findings, variables and factors which are critical to consider when examining weather perceptions and behaviors have been pointed out and presented in a conceptual model for further research.

Figueira, Daurius; Cruse, Romain. Géographie de la ségrégation ethnique et géopolitique des drogues illicites. L'exemple de la Caraïbe indo-créole.  / Geografía de la segregación étnica y geopolítica de las drogas ilícitas. El ejemplo del Caribe indo-criollo Caribe
Guyana | Suriname | Trinidad y Tobago
Criminalidad, Trinidad, Guyana, Surinam, Tráfico de drogas ilícitas, Racismo, Chabolismo

Resumen

Cet article discute du lien entre racisme, ségrégation ethnique et trafic de drogues illicites dans trois territoires caribéens caractérisés par une forte représentation des populations d'origine indienne et africaine : Trinidad, le Suriname et le Guyana. Pour des raisons historiques, ces territoires ont connu l'apparition relativement récente d'une classe d'entrepreneurs indo-caribéen prospère. D'un autre côté, pour les mêmes raisons, les populations d'origine afro-caribéennes y représentent l'essentiel de la classe pauvre urbaine. C'est sur cette base que s'est développé, à partir des années 1980, le trafic de cocaïne colombienne. D'où, dans la majorité des cas, une spécialisation ethnique des activités liées au trafic. A la base de la pyramide sociale, les jeunes Afro-caribéens des bidonvilles de Buxton (Guyana) ou de Laventille (Trinidad), par exemple, se retrouvent sur-représentés parmi les coupables de crimes commandités liés au trafic. Et émerge un discours raciste présentant les « noirs » comme plus enclin au crime...

Études caribéennes
Papel | Versión digital gratuita | Cuatrimestral | Francia Etudes caribéennes
ISSN versión papel: 1779-0908
ISSN versión digital: 1961-859X
Año de creación: 2004

Editor: Université des Antilles et de la Guyanne
Dirección: Service commun de la documentation (contact Anne Pajard)
Université des Antilles et de la Guyane
Campus Schoelcher
97275 Schoelcher (Martinique)

Intercambio de puntos de vista de los académicos de la región del Caribe y el mundo, las obras originales de jóvenes científicos e investigadores, Etudes Caribéennes es una expresión científica de que el principal tema de reflexión de la Cuenca del Caribe. La geografía, la planificación, economía y ciencias sociales (historia, sociología, antropología), a través de un enfoque multidisciplinario, esta revisión contribuya a la reflexión sobre el desarrollo del Caribe. La revista ofrece tres números anuales organizadas en torno a un tema central carpeta. Los textos publicados en Francés, Inglés, Español, son evaluadas por un comité científico internacional.
La versión electrónica está disponible en el portal de edición abierta Revues.org.

Sumarios de la revista

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Sistema Regional de Información en Línea para Revistas Científicas de América Latina, el Caribe, España y Portugal. Recurso creado por una red internacional que reune y difunde información bibliográfica sobre las publicaciones científicas seriadas producidas en la región. El "Directorio" recoge las publicaciones académicas y científicas que superan un nivel mínimo de calidad editorial, mientras que en el "Catálogo" ingresan aquellas que alcanzan un nivel óptimo en los criterios de evaluación. REDIAL colabora suministrando información sobre las revistas latinoamericanistas europeas.

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