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Asserting State Authority through Environmental Monitoring: Venezuela in the Post-Gómez Era, 1935–1945

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Artículo de revistaKozloff, Nikolas  Asserting State Authority through Environmental Monitoring: Venezuela in the Post-Gómez Era, 1935–1945. [Trad. Afirmando la Autoridad Estadal a Través del Monitoreo Ambiental: Venezuela en la Época Pos-Gómez, 1935-1945] Bulletin of Latin American Research, 2006 vol. 25 no. 2 p. 282-300. Palabras claves:
América del Sur
Venezuela
| Historia

Resumen:

In Venezuela, the task of consolidating the central state fell to Presidents Eleazar López Contreras (1936–1941) and Isaías Medina Angarita (1941–1945). This meant asserting fiscal control over the oil companies operating in the state of Zulia as well as appeasing restive working and middle classes. The government sought to exert power over both by moving towards a system of environmental monitoring of the petroleum industry. López Contreras was reluctant to apply real political pressure to the companies and accordingly environmental monitoring tended to be lax. Medina Angarita personally visited zulianos and made fiery speeches designed to assuage Venezuelan pride. What is more, he allowed the press to denounce the companies for their environmental abuse. Through his environmental monitoring efforts, Medina demonstrated to the companies that the state was a force to be reckoned with.

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