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América Latina Portal Europeo
REDIAL Red Europea de Información y Documentación sobre América Latina
CEISAL Consejo Europeo de Investigaciones Sociales de América Latina
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El Salvador's Pandilleros Calmados: The Challenges of Contesting Mano Dura through Peer Rehabilitation and Empowerment

Referencia siguiente
Artículo de revistaWolf, Sonja. (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México). El Salvador's Pandilleros Calmados: The Challenges of Contesting Mano Dura through Peer Rehabilitation and EmpowermentIn  Joseli Macedo (Ed.) The Urban Divide in Latin America: Challenges and Strategies for Social Inclusion Bulletin of Latin American Research, Abril 2012 vol. 31 no. 2 p. 190-205. Palabras claves:
América Latina
El Salvador
Seguridad y Defensa
Bandas callejeras / Control de pandillas / Homies Unidos / Pandilleros calmados
Siglo XXI

Resumen:

In 2003, the Government of El Salvador launched Plan Mano Dura to curb urban violence and homicides, most of which had been attributed to street gangs. Domestic non-governmental organisations (NGOs) criticised the measure for its repressive nature and the neglect of the wider policies for prevention and rehabilitation, and sought to promote the implementation of alternative gang control. Drawing on ethnographic research in Homies Unidos-El Salvador – founded and organised by pandilleros calmados (retired gang members) – the article considers how both the socio-political context and organisational characteristics shaped the agency's advocacy strategy and why its efforts remained largely ineffective.

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