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Participatory Security: Citizen Security, Participation, and the Inequities of Citizenship in Urban Peru

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Artículo de revistaMarquardt, Kairos. (University of Michigan, USA). Participatory Security: Citizen Security, Participation, and the Inequities of Citizenship in Urban PeruIn  Joseli Macedo (Ed.) The Urban Divide in Latin America: Challenges and Strategies for Social Inclusion Bulletin of Latin American Research, Abril 2012 vol. 31 no. 2 p. 174-189. Palabras claves:
Perú
Política, Administración pública | Seguridad y Defensa | Sociología, Asuntos sociales
Seguridad ciudadana / Participación política / Democracia / Desigualdad / Ayacucho
Siglo XXI

Resumen:

This article discusses a model of local governance referred to here as ‘participatory security’, in which citizens are held responsible for maintaining urban security by participating in municipal programmes. I argue that the goals of universal ‘inclusion’ through democratic ‘participation’ are undermined by political ideologies espousing both rights and responsibilities of citizenship. Through ethnographic cases from highland Peru, in which city centre neighbourhoods and peripheral zones are expected to participate in markedly different fashions, I demonstrate how the discourse of responsibilities translates into differential participation and effectively institutionalises the layered imbalances of urban citizenship in new and highly consequential ways.

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