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The Paradox of Participation: A Case Study on Urban Planning in Favelas and a Plea for Autonomy

Referencia siguiente
Artículo de revistaKapp, Silke; Baltazar, Ana Paula. (Escola de Arquitetura da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil). The Paradox of Participation: A Case Study on Urban Planning in Favelas and a Plea for AutonomyIn  Joseli Macedo (Ed.) The Urban Divide in Latin America: Challenges and Strategies for Social Inclusion Bulletin of Latin American Research, Abril 2012 vol. 31 no. 2 p. 160-173. Palabras claves:
Brasil
Ciudades, Urbanismo, Arquitectura | Política, Administración pública
Autonomía / Belo Horizonte / Favela / Plan Global Específico / Participación / Planificación urbana
Siglo XX | Siglo XXI

Resumen:

The participatory planning method called Plano Global Específico (PGE; Specific Global Plan) has been used in Belo Horizonte, Brazil since 1995 for interventions in favelas (spontaneous settlements). Although the responsible municipal agency describes it optimistically, inhabitants have manifested significant discontent. This article focuses on the reasons for this controversy, analysing the PGE method against the background of Brazilian re-democratisation and Belo Horizonte's public policies for favelas. The article argues that institutionalised participation does not favour the qualitative leap towards citizen control or autonomy, but is essentially attached to heteronomous planning structures.

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