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Revista Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Bulletin of Latin American Research

Revista Bulletin of Spanish Studies

Ano: 2014 vol. 33 n. 3

Jubb, Nadine. Feminists and Sandinistas in Nicaragua: Then and Nowp. 257-349 Nicaragua

González-Rivera, Victoria. Undemocratic Legacies: First-Wave Feminism and the Somocista Women's Movement in Nicaragua, 1920s–1979In  Feminists and Sandinistas in Nicaragua: Then and Now p. 259–273 Nicaragua
Ala femenina; feminismo de primera ola; Nicaragua; Somoza; sufragio; movimientos de mujeres


The most important pre-1979 women's movements in Nicaragua were first-wave feminism and the right-wing Somocista women's movement. I argue that it is useful to examine these two movements jointly in order to assess their legacy with regard to struggles over the relationship between women's organisations and political parties, age/generational differences, electoral democracy versus clientelism, and class and leadership. I conclude that while the pre-1979 women's movements brought about women's suffrage and increased opportunities for some women, their collective legacy was, in some fundamental ways, undemocratic.

Lacombe, Delphine. Struggling Against the ‘Worst-Case Scenario’? Strategic Conflicts and Realignments of the Feminist Movement in the Context of the 2006 Nicaraguan ElectionsIn  Feminists and Sandinistas in Nicaragua: Then and Now p. 274–288 Nicaragua
Elecciones; feminismo; Nicaragua; partidos políticos; Sandinismo; movimiento social


This article analyses the debates that took place within the Nicaraguan feminist movement during 2006. In the months before the election of Daniel Ortega, a new feminist organisation, the Autonomous Women's Movement (MAM), was created. Its members decided to ally themselves with the Sandinista Renewal Movement (MRS), which shared the priority of avoiding the return to power of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), because they considered it to be the ‘worst-case scenario’. This article explains these processes. It studies their consequences for other feminist groupings and the relevance of the revolutionary referent for the strategic divergences within the movement.

Jubb, Nadine. Love, Family Values and Reconciliation for All, but What about Rights, Justice and Citizenship for Women? The FSLN, the Women's Movement, and Violence against Women in NicaraguaIn  Feminists and Sandinistas in Nicaragua: Then and Now p. 289–304 Nicaragua
FSLN; regulación moral; Nicaragua; Estado; violencia contra la mujer; movimiento de mujeres


This article explores the apparent contradictions of the FSLN's commitment to both ‘restoring’ women's rights regarding violence against women and promoting Christian family values and reconciliation. It proposes an explanation based on the state's use of moral regulation to make a personified patriarchal social order seem normal by encouraging consent and, when necessary, applying coercion. Improved formal recognition of rights is belied by the continued inappropriate use of mediation and other practices that blame women, naturalise violence, and contribute to aggressors' impunity. Furthermore, the government has sanctioned aggressive tactics against feminists and women's organisations, who counter this social order with active citizenship.

Figueroa Romero, Dolores; Barbeyto, Arelly. Indigenous, Mestizo and Afro-Descendent Women against Violence: Building Interethnic Alliances in the Context of Regional AutonomyIn  Feminists and Sandinistas in Nicaragua: Then and Now p. 305–318 Nicaragua
Autonomía; etnicidad; violencia de género; derechos humanos; interculturalidad; activismo de mujeres


This essay analyses the contemporary activism of women's organisations of Nicaragua's North Atlantic Coast autonomous region. Its thesis is that the struggle against gender violence has enabled local women to develop a common agenda over and above whatever ideological–political differences and ethnic–racial hierarchies divide them. It argues that the role of Coast women activists has been central to articulating, in a reflexive way, a position as indigenous, Mestizo and Afro-descendent women in order to adapt a human rights approach to the regional political–cultural context, and to use it effectively to achieve a life free of violence.

Kampwirth, Karen. Organising the Hombre Nuevo Gay: LGBT Politics and the Second Sandinista RevolutionIn  Feminists and Sandinistas in Nicaragua: Then and Now p. 319–333 América Latina
Feminismo; gay; América Latina; LGBT; Nicaragua; política


The LGBT or sexual diversity movement in Nicaragua, which was repressed by the FSLN in the 1980s, is currently supported by that party. I argue that this change in the FSLN's policy responds to shifting international frames regarding sexuality and human rights as well as to efforts to separate the LGBT movement from its allies in the feminist movement, and efforts to incorporate the LGBT movement into the FSLN's clientelistic networks. Despite real gains for LGBT activists as a result of these new policies, ultimately the FSLN has offered sexual diversity activists far more in the area of culture than rights.

Heumann, Silke. The Challenge of Inclusive Identities and Solidarities: Discourses on Gender and Sexuality in the Nicaraguan Women's Movement and the Legacy of SandinismoIn  Feminists and Sandinistas in Nicaragua: Then and Now p. 334–349 Centroamérica
Centroamérica; feminismo; Nicaragua; revolución; Sandinismo; movimiento de mujeres


This article addresses the ways in which Sandinismo has affected the Nicaraguan women's movement from ‘within’, analysing how its legacy is reflected in personal discourses on gender and sexuality within the women's movement. In-depth interviews show that the women's movement inherited from the Sandinistas specific ideas about social justice and social change based on a primary identity, a corresponding hierarchy of rights and a notion of the state as the privileged site of power and social change. I argue that this legacy has hindered the development of feminism in Nicaragua and especially the mobilisation around sexual and reproductive rights.

Bulletin of Latin American Research
Papel | Versão digital com assinatura | Trimestral | Reino Unido ISSN papel: 0261-3050
ISSN digital: 1470-9856
Año de criação: 1981

Editor: Society for Latin American Studies
Direção: University of Liverpool, Room 313a, Cypress Building, L69 7ZR Liverpool

Este Boletín aspira a reflejar una investigación original sobre asuntos corrientes dedicados a América Latina mediante la publicación de largos artículos relacionados con las ciencias sociales y humanas. Se publican artículos más cortos sobre temas de actualidad en lo que atañe el estudio de América Latina, artículos de revista, el progreso de la ciencia, críticas de libros, y notas. Recientemente, una sección « debate » ha sido añadida dedicada a presentar análisis vanguardistas sobre tópicos específicos analizados por especialistas.
Texto completo disponible en Wiley Online Library para los números desde 1995; los anteriores en JSTOR

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