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Revista Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Bulletin of Latin American Research

Revista Bulletin of Spanish Studies

Ano: 2005 vol. 24 n. 3

Schackt, Jon  Mayahood Through Beauty: Indian Beauty Pageants in Guatemala. [Trad. Reforzando la Identidad Maya a través de la Belleza: Cabalgatas Indígenas en Guatemala] p. 269-287 Centroamérica

The election of a Ra'bin Ajaw constitutes the climax of the National Folklore Festival (Festival Folklórico Nacional), which since 1969 has taken place in Cobán during the last week of July. All participants are Maya Indians and must wear the traditional folk costume of their native township. The intention of this and other Indian pageants has been to preserve and reinvigorate traditional forms of cultural expression. Different from Ladina beauty queens, Indian queens are elected not so much on the basis of their looks as on their aptitude for representing cultural 'authenticity'. However, as the notion of the authentic relates to how cultural identities are constructed in the present, the beauty pageant has increasingly been troubled by a tension between a traditional folklorist type of orientation and a more recent and politicised Mayanist one. Indeed, the Indian pageants, originally formed within a folklorist paradigm, have become important arenas for the communication of Maya consciousness and identity.

Brannstrom, Christian  The Timber Trade in Southeastern Brazil, 1920–1960. [Trad. El Comercio de la Madera en el Sureste Brasilero, 1920-1960] p. 288-310 Cono Sur ; América del Sur

Logging economies in Latin America have long supplied forest resources to international and domestic markets. One of Latin America's more significant timber regions supplied South America's largest industrial metropolis, São Paulo. However, relatively little is known about the historical geography of logging in Brazil, or elsewhere in Latin America, in part because of the bias of forest histories to the destruction, rather than utilisation, of forest resources. This study focuses on domestic demand for hardwood and its salient characteristics: transport, the distribution of sawmills, the use of contracts and dangerous working conditions.

Boelens, Rutgerd; Gelles, Paul H.  Cultural Politics, Communal Resistance and Identity in Andean Irrigation Development. [Trad. Política Cultural, Resistencia Comunal y Desarrollo de Irrigación Andina] p. 311-327 Región Andina ; América del Sur
Perú ; Ecuador

This article uses two case studies to illustrate how Andean irrigation development and management emerges from a hybrid mix of local community rules and the changing political forms and ideological forces of hegemonic states. Some indigenous water-control institutions are with us today because they were consonant with the extractive purposes of local elites and Inca, Spanish and post-independence Republican states. These states often appropriated and standardised local water-management rules, rights and rituals in order to gain control over the surplus produced by these irrigation systems. However, as we show in the case of two communities in Ecuador and Peru, many of these same institutions are reappropriated and redirected by local communities to counteract both classic 'exclusion-oriented' and modern 'inclusion-oriented' water and identity politics. In this way, they resist subordination, discrimination and the control of local water management by rural elites or state actors.

Buxton, Julia  Venezuela's Contemporary Political Crisis in Historical Context . [Trad. La Crisis Política Contemporánea de Venezuela en el Contexto Histórico] p. 328-347 América del Sur

Since the election of Hugo Chávez Frías to the Venezuelan presidency in 1998 on a platform of ‘revolutionary’ change, the country has been wracked by political turmoil and violence between pro- and anti-government groups. While the political crisis has been reported and portrayed as a new phenomenon that has emerged as a result of Chávez's policy programme and style of government, this article argues that the conflict has deep historical roots and that it has been shaped by the legacy of political organisation in the pre-Chávez period.

Artaraz, Kepa  El Ejercicio de Pensar: The Rise and Fall of Pensamiento Crítico . [Trad. El Ejercicio de Pensar: El Surgimiento y la Caída del Pensamiento Crítico ] p. 348-366 América Latina ; Caribe

In 'El ejercicio de pensar'(the exercise of thinking), Fernando Martínez Heredia (El Caimán Barbudo 1967: 2–5) made reference to the words of Enrique Varona to describe what, in his view, was the appropriate role of the intellectual in the Cuban Revolution. Varona had argued that thinking was a rare human trait as it went against basic desires that preferred dogmas to ideas. Martínez Heredia's position on the role of the intellectual would have a prophetic character, for, soon after, given responsibility for the direction of the newly created Department of Philosophy at the University of Havana, he led a young group of academics gathered around the journal Pensamiento Crítico. In their heyday, both the group and their publication came to be identified with the concept of the revolutionary (and the Revolution's) intellectual. This article examines the formative process of this new, politically committed, intellectual in the Revolution and explores the role played by this group in the intervening years, including the special relationship it established with the European New Left.

Cameron, John D.  Municipal Democratisation in Rural Latin America: Methodological Insights from Ecuador. [Trad. Democratización Municipal en América Latina Rural: Pistas de Metodología desde Ecuador] p. 367-390 América Latina ; América del Sur

As municipal governments in Latin America acquire greater responsibility for public goods and services and the promotion of economic and social development, and play a greater role in local citizenship, questions about the quality of municipal democracy also need to be taken much more seriously. This article proposes a 'relative power approach' that examines the distribution of social power at the microregional level and its impact on municipal governance as the starting point for the analysis of municipal democratisation in Latin America. The approach lays particular emphasis on historical changes in the distribution of local productive assets, the political organisation of local social actors, coalitions between and divisions within local social sectors and the ways in which local power relations are shaped by global and national forces. The article then explores the practical application of the relative power approach to three municipalities in rural Ecuador.

Bulletin of Latin American Research
Papel | Versão digital com assinatura | Trimestral | Reino Unido ISSN papel: 0261-3050
ISSN digital: 1470-9856
Año de criação: 1981

Editor: Society for Latin American Studies
Direção: University of Liverpool, Room 313a, Cypress Building, L69 7ZR Liverpool

Este Boletín aspira a reflejar una investigación original sobre asuntos corrientes dedicados a América Latina mediante la publicación de largos artículos relacionados con las ciencias sociales y humanas. Se publican artículos más cortos sobre temas de actualidad en lo que atañe el estudio de América Latina, artículos de revista, el progreso de la ciencia, críticas de libros, y notas. Recientemente, una sección « debate » ha sido añadida dedicada a presentar análisis vanguardistas sobre tópicos específicos analizados por especialistas.
Texto completo disponible en Wiley Online Library para los números desde 1995; los anteriores en JSTOR

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