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Further thoughts on the history of the unconscious: Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz

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Article de revueRead, Malcolm K. (State University of New York at Stony Brook, Department of Hispanic Languages and Literature, NY, Estados Unidos). Further thoughts on the history of the unconscious: Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz.  / Otras reflexiones sobre la historia del inconsciente: Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies, 2013 vol. 19 no. 2 p. 159-184. Mots-clés:
Mexique
Littérature | Femme et Etudes de Genre
Feminismo, sujeto libre, inconsciente ideológico-libidinal, feudalismo, capitalismo
XVIIe siècle

Résumé :

While feminist Hispanists of recent decades have justifiably broken with some of the broad patriarchal assumptions that have long characterized their discipline, in order to instate Sor Juana de la Cruz within a reconfigured literary canon, they have accepted unquestioningly the key bourgeois concept of the “free subject,” together with its associated ideological problematic, through which to press the relevance of this same writer to “modernity.” The present article, by way of contrast, locates Sor Juana's writings historically within a play of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century ideologies that transcend the level of individuality. These ideologies serve, in the case of Sor Juana, as a basis from which to develop the Althusserian concept of an ideological unconscious. Taken in combination with its libidinal counterpart, this ideological unconscious serves in turn to theorize how, in the transition from feudalism to capitalism, modes of production enlist gender to prosecute their exploitative practices.

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