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Productivity growth and international openness: Evidence from Latin American countries 1980-2006

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Article de revueJorge Moreno, Justo de; Laborda, Leopoldo; Sotelsek, Daniel. (Banco Mundial; Washington, Estados Unidos; Univ. Alcalá, Dep. Ciencias Empresariales, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, España; Univ. Alcalá, Dep. Economía, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, España). Productivity growth and international openness: Evidence from Latin American countries 1980-2006.  / Crecimiento de la productividad y apertura internacional: Evidencia desde los países latinoamericanos 1980-2006 Documentos de Trabajo IELAT, 2010 no. 14 Mots-clés:
Amérique Latine
Economie, Entreprises, Industrie
Crecimiento de la productividad, economías abiertas, regresión no paramétrica, Panel data

Résumé :

In this study we examine productivity growth and their relationship with international openness in Latin American countries over the period 1980-2006. Overall results on productivity indicate a stagnation process for the entire period 1986-2006. The decomposition of productivity into catching up and technical change reveals that the first have a stagnation process and the latter worsening. Analyzing the relationship between productivity growth and international openness we find different patterns for both methodologies parametric (Arellano-Bond estimator) and nonparametric (GAM) and for both measures of international openness merchandise trade (% of GDP) and (export+imports)/GDP. In particular in a parametric way, although the shape is curvilinear for both models the relationship is positive inverted U-shaped in the first case and Ushaped in second. (A.)

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