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Review Journal de la Société des Américanistes

Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies

Review Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies

Year: 2014 vol. 20 n. 1

Thakkar, Amit ; Harris, Chris . Men, power and liberation: readings of masculinities in Spanish American literatures / Hombres, poder y liberación: lecturas de masculinidades en la literatura hispanoamericana p. 1-6 América Latina
Hombres / Poder y liberación / Lecturas de masculinidades / Literatura hispanoamericana
Siglo XX | Siglo XXI

Thakkara, Amit . “Una tercera lectura”: the cinematic reader and the cult of virility in Manuel Puig's El beso de la mujer araña (1976).  / "Una tercera lectura": el lector cinematográfico y el culto a la virilidad en "El beso de la mujer araña" (1976) de Manuel Puig  p. 7-29 Argentina
Puig / Ficción / Cine / Prácticas de lectura / Virilidad / Masculinidad
Siglo XX | Siglo XXI


In El beso de la mujer araña, Manuel Puig encourages a “tercera lectura,” informed by both cinema and literature. He creates a cinematic language reinforced by the spirit of “synthesis” and then incorporates a conceptual discourse which is beyond cinema because of the “límites de atención” of a “lector cinematográfico.” Puig expects readers to draw their own conclusions about the themes which emerge. I argue here that both the themes and aesthetic of the novel can be read as a challenge to the form and content of a literary and filmic “cult of virility.”

Carpenter, Victoria. Power tug of war: hegemonic and posthegemonic text control in Gustavo Sainz's Obsesivos días circulares (1969).  / Arrastre del poder de la guerra: hegemonía y poshegemonía en el control de textos de "Obsesivos días circulares" de Gustavo Sainz (1969) p. 31-49 México
Onda mexicana / Control de texto / Propiedad de texto / Masculinidad hegemónica / Posthegemonía / Narrador y editor / Subordinación de personaje
Siglo XX


This article examines the novel Obsesivos días circulares (1969) by Gustavo Sainz from the point of view of the narrator's and characters' attempts to control the text. It analyses the distribution of influence on the text between the first-person narrator (Terencio) and one of the key characters (Leticia), and the changing locus of text control in the narrative line that includes Leticia. First, I examine Terencio's letters to Leticia and determine whether the text construct Leticia is created and manipulated through them. Secondly, I concentrate upon a section of Chapter 3 which appears to be a non-sequitur in the context of the narrative as a whole; it contains a vignette of a party where an apparently enigmatic exchange takes place between Terencio and Leticia. Finally, the article will address the changes in the narrator's character as a result of this encounter and the subsequent shift and split of the locus of text control between the narrator and one of the characters. Since the article explores various means of the distribution of text control, the theoretical foundation used here will include hegemonic masculinity and the relationship between hegemony and posthegemony in the context of text control.

Gräbner, Cornelia . “But how to speak of such things?”: decolonial love, the coloniality of gender, and political struggle in Francisco Goldman's The Long Night of White Chickens (1992) and Jennifer Harbury's Bridge of Courage (1994) and Searching for Everardo (1997).  / ¿Pero cómo hablar de tales cosas?: amor decolonial, la colonialidad del género, y lucha política en "La larga noche de los pollos blancos " (1992) , "El puente de coraje de Jennifer Harbury" (1994) y Buscando a Everardo (1997) de Francisco Goldman  p. 51-74 Guatemala
Colonialidad / Amor decolonial / Metodología de los oprimidos / Órden de género mundial / Colonialidad del género / Narración de cuentos / Lucha guerrillera
Siglo XX


This article presents an analysis of works by Francisco Goldman and Jennifer Harbury, which deal with “cataclysmic moments” of recent Guatemalan history. It explores gender relations in these works with reference to three themes: storytelling, communication and affective relationships. Conceptually, I draw on the notions of decolonial love, the coloniality of gender, and the world gender order as categories of analysis. I take Chela Sandoval's methodology of the oppressed as a guideline for my analysis, and look at the ways in which different types of storytelling perpetuate or question the coloniality of gender, at the consequences of intercultural misunderstandings produced by different readings of the coloniality of gender and the world gender order, and at the significance of a critical and liberatory practice of gender roles for decolonial love. The practice of decolonial love is an alternative to what Tzvetan Todorov has called “the dreadful concatenation,” which is a result of cultural encounters during the conquest of the Americas and which conceptualizes as “love” a feeling that sidesteps equality, an exercise in destruction and possession. The coloniality of gender and decolonial love are explored through their interactions with masculinities and femininities across the different case studies.

Crowa, Joanna. From Araucanian warriors to Mapuche terrorists: contesting discourses of gender, race, and nation in modern Chile (1810–2010).  / De los guerreros araucanos a los terroristas mapuche: contestando los discursos de género, raza y nación en la moderna Chile (1810-2010) p. 75-101 Chile
Mapuche / Género / Raza / Nación / Violencia / Poder
Siglo XIX | Siglo XX | Siglo XXI


This article explores the complex, shifting intersections between gender, racial, and national identities in modern Chile. Focusing on the figure of the Araucanian warrior who famously defeated the Spanish conquistadors in the sixteenth century, it draws readers' attention to four transformative periods between the first declaration of Chilean independence and the bicentennial celebrations of that independence, and examines the contesting notions of masculinity that emerged in such contexts. Firstly, it analyses the late nineteenth-century liberal State's “civilising” discourse, which was imbued with imperial racist concepts of masculinity; secondly, a protest mestizo masculinity that emerged through the writings of Nicolás Palacios in the early twentieth century; thirdly, a revolutionary masculinity that was exalted by various actors during the Popular Unity government (1970–3); and finally, multicultural, neo-liberal configurations of masculinity in post-dictatorship Chile. It shows how the masculine ideals of physique (strength, impressive build, virility) and behaviour (independence, intelligence, bravery, spirit of adventure) projected onto the noble warrior of old have existed in tension with disparaging attitudes towards contemporary Mapuche demanding respect for their rights. It also underscores the multiple, creative ways in which Mapuche intellectuals and political leaders have engaged with dominant discourses of gender, race and nation in republican Chile.

Harris, Christopher. "De la música y los toros”: masculinities and the representation of Carlos Vives in Ángeles Mastretta's Arráncame la vida (1985).  / "De la música y los toros": masculinidades y la representación de Carlos Vives en "Arráncame la vida" (1985) de Ángeles Mastretta p. 103-118 México
Mastretta / Patriarcado / Masculinidad patriarcal / Masculinidad feminista / Masculinidad resistente
Siglo XX


This article is an innovative exploration of the representation of Carlos Vives as, potentially, an exemplar of feminist masculinity in Ángeles Mastretta's best-selling novel Arráncame la vida. On a theoretical level, it attempts to add the categories of feminist masculinity and resistant masculinity to Connell's influential sociological model centred on hegemonic masculinity. In this case, though, we should note that hegemonic and patriarchal masculinity as embodied in the character of Andrés Ascencio are synonyms. On a literary level, it attempts to transform radically current understandings of Carlos Vives as a foil for Andrés Ascencio and a touchstone of change in Catalina's life by arguing that he is a key character, of equal standing with Andrés, in Mastretta's representation of Mexican men and masculinities

Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies
Paper | Numerical version with subscription | United Kingdom Print ISSN: 1470-1847
Online ISSN: 1469-9524
Year of creation: 1994

Publisher: Routledge

Un boletín internacional que trata de los idiomas, literaturas e historias de la Península ibérica y de Latinoamérica. Se dedica precisamente a promover una investigación de alto nivel en particular en las áreas de la literatura y la historia moderna y contemporánea, el cine, la lingüística.
Cada año, se publican tres números, con artículos en catalán, inglés, español. Además de artículos de investigación, el jornal incluye también una sección de críticas que evalúa las recientes publicaciones así como más largas críticas sobre tópicos específicos ; se encuentra a veces una sección « documenta » que incluye entrevistas, correspondencia, artículos y discursos ; por fin hay otros documentos análogos caracterizados por su enfoque cultural e histórico.
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