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CEISAL European Council for Social Research on Latin America
Review HIB: Revista de Historia Iberoamericana

Hispanic Research Journal

Review HispanismeS

Year: 2006 vol. 7 n. 4

Posso, Karl. Cortázar and Bergson on the Road: Problems with Time and Rational Thought.  / Cortázar y Bergson en ruta: problemas con el tiempo y el pensamiento racional p. 307-320 Argentina

Summary

One of Julio Cortázar's final and most overlooked works, Los autonautas de la cosmopista, appears to defy classification: part autobiography, part sociological experiment; surrealist and epic, yet far removed from the baroque brilliance of Rayuela. It is nonetheless an engaging and characteristically witty piece of metaphysical reflection and philosophical intuition. In this paper I establish various links between Cortázar's vitalizing thought here and that of Henri Bergson, the contentious early twentieth-century French philosopher whose work has, until recently, been much neglected. Like Cortázar, Bergson is something of a maverick: a philosopher who challenges scientific interpretation, maintaining that the intuition of reality and time transcends the intellect, but whose unorthodox use of metaphor and analogy won him the Nobel Prize for literature in 1927. This essay focuses on the following points of philosophical contiguity between Bergson and Cortázar in Los autonautas de la cosmopista: the preoccupation with the roles of memory and perception within time as cumulative, psychological unfolding, and with space and habit, which they deem hostile to the freedom of consciousness. In the light of their mutual antipathy towards intellectual abstraction, the final section of the essay assesses Cortázar's strategies for coping with the problem of communicating the singularity of experience in writing.

Pizarro Coloma, Marcela. Eugenio Dittborn: Clashes of Memory in Post-Dictatorship Chile.  / Eugenio Dittborn: enfrentamientos de la memoria en el Chile post-dictadura p. 321-336 Chile

Summary

In 1983, Chilean artist Eugenio Dittborn began sending a series of Air Paintings to different art galleries around the world. These paintings consisted of portraits which came from different mediatic sources: magazines; anthropological archives; police reports; children's drawings. Dittborn would fold these travelling canvases measuring more than 2 × 3 metres and he would send them by registered post to galleries where they are opened, unfolded, arranged and hung up to exhibit, forming diptychs and triptychs. This article is an exploration of the critical discourses on memory generated in Dittborn's work in the context of the post dictatorial period in Chile. The notion of memory in his work is heavily influenced by a postmodern fragmentary aesthetic which moves beyond the figure of the political victim and of the stereotype of the Latin American revolutionary, presenting us with different types of anti-heroes which reside on the margins of official history. Furthermore, through a Benjaminian reading, I explore how Dittborn's work elaborates a critical memory based on the intrinsic relationship between historical forgetting, the dynamics of the neoliberal market and mass mediatization of culture.

Bollig, Ben. Exiles and Nomads: Perlongher in Brazil.  / Exiliados y nómadas: Perlongher en Brasil p. 337-351 Argentina | Brasil

Summary

This paper seeks to explore the effect of exile on the work of the Argentine poet and anthropologist Néstor Perlongher. The writer fled Argentina for Brazil in the early 1980s after suffering police harassment and violence. In Argentina, his poems had criticized conservative notions of the nation, and proposed alternative desiring communities, or Temporary Autonomous Zones to use the term coined by Hakim Bey. In contrast, his poetry in Brazil details the appearance of marginal sexualities in public spaces, in particular during Carnaval. At the same time, exile appears as political defeat for efforts to find a forum for gay rights, in particular with the collapse of the Argentine Homosexual Liberation Front. In the 1980s Perlongher's poetry fluctuates between celebrating the exile's border-crossing and increased misgivings about the use of such movements by global capital, and the ability that the state possesses to set in motion and utilize mass movements. These misgivings give way to the at times conflictive presence of Deleuze and Guattari's nomadology in Perlongher's work, as an alternative to his early journeys across borders.

Hispanic Research Journal
Paper | Numerical version with subscription | 5 números al año desde 2007 | United Kingdom Print ISSN: 1468-2737
Online ISSN: 1745-820X
Year of creation: 2000

Publisher: Department of Iberian and Latin American Studies at Queen Mary

Promueve y difunde la investigación de las culturas de la Península Ibérica y América Latina, desde la Edad Media hasta la actualidad. Los campos cubiertos incluyen la literatura y la teoría literaria, la historia cultural y los estudios culturales, el lenguaje y la lingüística, y estudios de cine y teatro. Publica artículos en cuatro idiomas, español, portugués, catalán, e inglés, y alienta, sobre todo a través de su sección de características, el debate y la interacción entre investigadores de todo el mundo que están trabajando en estos campos.
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