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Review HIB: Revista de Historia Iberoamericana

Hispanic Research Journal

Review HispanismeS

Year: 2005 vol. 6 n. 2

Cate-Arries, Francie. Re-imagining the Cultural Legacy of a Sixteenth-Century Empire: Spanish Exiles in 1940s Mexico.  / Reimaginando el legado cultural de un Imperio del siglo XVI: exiliados españoles en el México de la década de 1940  p. 117-130 México
Exilio republicano / españoles
Siglo XX


The Spanish intellectuals who settled in Mexico after the Spanish Civil War faced a daunting task: how to recover and piece together again the signs of a political and cultural identity in exile, in order to establish new symbolic ground capable of nurturing and sustaining the expression of a collective national consciousness and history outside of Spain. I argue that this project of cultural reconstruction in Mexico, self-consciously inscribed within the master tropes of conquest, reconquest, empire, and anti-imperialism, was predicated on an alternative 'chronicle' of sixteenth-century Spain: the tradition of humanism. In this essay, I first locate the exiles' impassioned discussions about Spanish history, hispanism, and the traces of empire, within the context of ideological culture wars between the two Spains, Franco's at home and the Republican intellectuals' abroad. Secondly, I examine the émigrés' collective commemoration of two key cultural events of 1940 — the fourth centenary of the death of Juan Luis Vives, and the 400th anniversary of the founding of Vasco de Quiroga's famed Colegio de San Nicolás Obispo in Mexico — as a discursive vehicle capable of replacing the Conquerors' tale with a more satisfying story of the historical legacy of Spanish empire in Latin America.

Bowsher, Kerstin. (De-)constructing Post-Colonial Identities: A Reading of Novels by Carlos Fuentes and Abel Posse.  / (De)construyendo indentidades postcoloniales: una lectura de novelas por Carlos Fuentes y Abel Posse p. 131-145 Argentina | México
Narrativa / novela histórica / Independencia hispanoamericana / Carlos Fuentes / Abel Posse


A central characteristic of Spanish America's post-Boom historical novel is its incorporation of marginalized perspectives into accounts of the past. This orientation is linked to the inclusion of voices absent from both historical records and traditional constructions of identity. Set during the nineteenth-century battles for Spanish American independence and subsequent nation-building projects, Fuentes's La campaña (1990) and Posse's El inquietante día de la vida (2001) overtly attempt to question and reformulate established identity narratives from a more plural and popular basis. Similarly, Posse's El largo atardecer del caminante (1992) foregrounds identity negotiations during the conquest. This paper will explore the extent to which these three novels do indeed contest hegemonic visions of identity that suppress significant cultural elements. It will highlight strategies adopted by the authors to emphasize the heterogeneity of post-colonial Spanish America. It will also argue, however, that the stylized portrayal of indians, gauchos, immigrants and the rural masses in the novels actually negates their alterity and severely constrains their influence within the incipient national community. Indeed the paper will conclude that, far from rewriting the Spanish American identity text, Fuentes and Posse reiterate ideologies that leave traditional patterns of marginalization and exclusion intact.

Hispanic Research Journal
Paper | Numerical version with subscription | 5 números al año desde 2007 | United Kingdom Print ISSN: 1468-2737
Online ISSN: 1745-820X
Year of creation: 2000

Publisher: Department of Iberian and Latin American Studies at Queen Mary

Promueve y difunde la investigación de las culturas de la Península Ibérica y América Latina, desde la Edad Media hasta la actualidad. Los campos cubiertos incluyen la literatura y la teoría literaria, la historia cultural y los estudios culturales, el lenguaje y la lingüística, y estudios de cine y teatro. Publica artículos en cuatro idiomas, español, portugués, catalán, e inglés, y alienta, sobre todo a través de su sección de características, el debate y la interacción entre investigadores de todo el mundo que están trabajando en estos campos.
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