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Review HIB: Revista de Historia Iberoamericana

Hispanic Research Journal

Review HispanismeS

Year: 2003 vol. 4 n. 3

Grau-Lleveria, Elena. Sirena Selena vestida de pena de Mayra Santos Febres: economía, identidad y poder. p. 239-250 Antillas | Caribe
Puerto Rico
Hispanos / Escritoras

Summary

This article deals with the process of community structuring in a section of the Hispanic Caribbean population living on the margins of society due to its socioeconomic status as well as its sexual tendencies. It also analyses the development of a series of strategies that will give the individuals belonging to those groups the possibility of accepting their historical origins, and their social and sexual identities. One of the main strategies is to control the economic system that gave rise to them in the first place: capitalism. Mastering the rules of the system, knowing the name of the game, helps them acquire a knowledge and awareness of who they are, and makes it easier for them to generate small entrepreneurial projects. The capacity to understand and to take part in the economic system allows them to achieve a new and positive identity, which will in turn redefine them as members of their minority group.

Wilson, Jason. The Mutating City: Buenos Aires and the Avant-garde, Borges, Xul Solar, and Marechal.  / La ciudad mutante: Buenos Aires y las vanguardias, Borges, Xul Solar, y Marechal p. 251-269 Argentina
Buenos Aires / Vanguardismo / Jorge Luis Borges / Xul Solar / Leopoldo Marechal

Summary

This paper explores the 'urban experience' in the Buenos Aires of the 1920s and 1930s, the avant-garde city, through the comparison between Paris and Buenos Aires and myths of modernity (surrealism, T. S. Eliot and Joyce). A framework of a mutating city, oscillating between an infernal and a heavenly city, between city anguish and the city as a refuge in the mind, is established through three avant-garde reactions. The first is 'Borges's city of street freedoms' and deals with how the infernal city takes hold of his mind. The second is Xul Solar's 'metaphysical city' as escapist from the cruel market place of actual Buenos Aires, and the third is Leopoldo Marechal's tale of two cities in his novel Adán Buenosayres, 1948, where Marechal recreates the avant-garde city of Borges and Xul Solar at the Norah Lange 'salon', but flimsily disguised. Adán's descent into 'Cacodelphia' with Xul Solar, who also designed this hell, and it turns out to be in fact the actual, infernal city of 1920s Buenos Aires. This third section also attempts to recuperate a novel sidelined by the boom writers and promoters.

Hispanic Research Journal
Paper | Numerical version with subscription | 5 números al año desde 2007 | United Kingdom Print ISSN: 1468-2737
Online ISSN: 1745-820X
Year of creation: 2000

Publisher: Department of Iberian and Latin American Studies at Queen Mary

Promueve y difunde la investigación de las culturas de la Península Ibérica y América Latina, desde la Edad Media hasta la actualidad. Los campos cubiertos incluyen la literatura y la teoría literaria, la historia cultural y los estudios culturales, el lenguaje y la lingüística, y estudios de cine y teatro. Publica artículos en cuatro idiomas, español, portugués, catalán, e inglés, y alienta, sobre todo a través de su sección de características, el debate y la interacción entre investigadores de todo el mundo que están trabajando en estos campos.
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