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Review HIB: Revista de Historia Iberoamericana

Hispanic Research Journal

Review HispanismeS

Year: 2002 vol. 3 n. 2

Rosario-Vélez, Jorge. 'Caribe, caribe soy': hacia un sujeto caribeño y continental en La importancia de llamarse Daniel Santos de Luis Rafael Sánchez. p. 139-152 Antillas | Caribe
Puerto Rico
Ensayo / bolero / Luis Rafael Sánchez

Summary

This essay explores how singer Daniel Santos and the bolero become the narrative tools used by the fictional character Luis Rafael in his enquiries into the historic circumstances and elements of the Caribbean and Spanish America. Accordingly, this essay closely examines the multiple testimonies collected by the traveller who questions and presents the uniqueness of the Caribbean identity as a metaphor of the national continental identity of Spanish America. Specifically, the bolero and Daniel Santos hagiography allow us to analyse the racial makeup, the cultural syncretism and racial diversity; the linguistic appropriation and reconstruction of the Spanish spoken; the literary and political manifestations that could serve as the mirror of the political reality of Spanish America. The essay also focuses on Tres tristes tigres by Guillermo Cabrera Infante and Sólo cenizas hallarás by Pedro Vergés, Caribbean literary works which have also found a foundation for its fictions, its nations and its subjectivities through the bolero. In this way, myths and all regional fictions converge in a single voice. Thus, the plurality of the bolero has removed real and cultural barriers and built the national continental identity in Spanish America.

Moore, Melisa. Social Sciences and the Novel in Peru: A Study of Identity and Nomenclature in Todas las Sangres by José María Arguedas.  / Ciencias Sociales y la novela en Perú: un estudio de identificación y nomenclatura en Todas las Sangres de José María Arguedas p. 153-166 Perú
José María Arguedas / narrativa / antropología

Summary

Comparing the methodology of José María Arguedas with that of other anthropologists and writers in Peru in the 1960s, shows how his particular approach, which merges anthropological and literary epistemologies, not to mention his empirical and intuitive, and also professional, knowledge of the Andean region, distanced itself from hegemonic political and academic discourses of the time. The article examines this in the light of a series of Round Table discussions held halfway through the decade, and focuses on the theme of identity, taking as specific points of reference Arguedas's penultimate novel, Todas las sangres, published in 1964, and his anthropological work, in particular his doctoral thesis on the peasant communities of Zamora in Spain. In the latter, Arguedas reveals that rather than resist social changes, isolated communities are in dynamic articulation with them and actively respond to them. This is reflected in the process of socio-economic and cultural stratification, that is, in the fragmentation of ethnic groups and local sense of identity. Arguedas captures this in his novel through a nomenclature which accentuates cultural ambiguity, thereby also dismantling the traditional indigenista thesis based on the señores-indios dichotomy.

Hispanic Research Journal
Paper | Numerical version with subscription | 5 números al año desde 2007 | United Kingdom Print ISSN: 1468-2737
Online ISSN: 1745-820X
Year of creation: 2000

Publisher: Department of Iberian and Latin American Studies at Queen Mary

Promueve y difunde la investigación de las culturas de la Península Ibérica y América Latina, desde la Edad Media hasta la actualidad. Los campos cubiertos incluyen la literatura y la teoría literaria, la historia cultural y los estudios culturales, el lenguaje y la lingüística, y estudios de cine y teatro. Publica artículos en cuatro idiomas, español, portugués, catalán, e inglés, y alienta, sobre todo a través de su sección de características, el debate y la interacción entre investigadores de todo el mundo que están trabajando en estos campos.
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