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Review HIB: Revista de Historia Iberoamericana

Hispanic Research Journal

Review HispanismeS

Year: 2000 vol. 1 n. 3

Quesada, Diego J. On Language Contact: Another Look at Spanish-speaking (Central) America.  / Sobre lengua en contacto: otra mirada a los hablantes de español en América (Central) p. 229-242 América Latina | Centroamérica
Lenguas en contacto / español / lenguas amerindias

Summary

This paper attempts an alternative analysis of the much-debated issue of contact between Spanish and the Amerindian languages, especially as it pertains to Central America. An interpretive model is proposed, which explains most of the contact-induced phenomena; this model is based on the parameters of intensity and power relations, which allow us to infer (and predict) the degree of influence of the Amerindian languages on Spanish. Next, an inventory of the most remarkable typological features of the Central American languages is provided in order to show the absence of transfer of such features onto the varieties of Spanish from that region. The analysis leads to the conclusion that Amerindian influence on the typology (both morphological and syntactic) of Central American Spanish is practically nil, thereby confirming the appropriateness of the model proposed. A key element in this paper is the distinction between interference and influence, which helps us to arrive at the conclusion just mentioned.

Amann, Elizabeth. 'Yo que no sé apearme': Inadequacy, Revelation and Technique in Rafael Arévalo Martínez's 'El trovador colombiano'.  / "Yo que no sé apearme": insuficiencia, revelación y técnica en 'El trovador colombiano' de Rafael Arévalo Martínez p. 307-316 Guatemala
Rafael Arévalo Martínez / narrativa / cuento

Summary

In 'El trovador colombiano', the second story of the collection El hombre que parecía un caballo, Rafael Arévalo Martínez develops his notion of the process of literary creation. According to this view, poetic inspiration does not depend upon the power or control exercised by the writer, but on his powerlessness, his/her passivity, and his inadequacy when trying to understand a complex and enigmatic reality; the artist achieves an intuition of the hidden order of things only when he feels most incapable and unworthy of such revelation. In this essay I attempt to analyse the implications of this view and several of the narrative strategies used by the the author to articulate it.

Hispanic Research Journal
Paper | Numerical version with subscription | 5 números al año desde 2007 | United Kingdom Print ISSN: 1468-2737
Online ISSN: 1745-820X
Year of creation: 2000

Publisher: Department of Iberian and Latin American Studies at Queen Mary

Promueve y difunde la investigación de las culturas de la Península Ibérica y América Latina, desde la Edad Media hasta la actualidad. Los campos cubiertos incluyen la literatura y la teoría literaria, la historia cultural y los estudios culturales, el lenguaje y la lingüística, y estudios de cine y teatro. Publica artículos en cuatro idiomas, español, portugués, catalán, e inglés, y alienta, sobre todo a través de su sección de características, el debate y la interacción entre investigadores de todo el mundo que están trabajando en estos campos.
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