loading...
- - -
Latin America European Portal
REDIAL European Network of Information and Documentation on Latin America
CEISAL European Council for Social Research on Latin America
Review DELOS Desarrollo local sostenible

desiguALdades.net Working Paper Series

Review DHIAL. Desarrollo Humano e Institucional en América Latina

Year: 2015 n. 88

Costa, Sérgio. Entangled Inequalities, State, and Social Policies in Contemporary BraziBrasil
entangled inequalities | Brazil | social policy

Summary

In line with developments observed in several Latin American countries, inequalities in Brazil have significantly declined since the Workers’ Party, PT, came to power in 2003. During the two administrations of former President Lula da Silva (2003-2006 and 2007-2010) and the first administration of President Dilma Rousseff (2010-2014), economic growth, improvements in labor market, progress in deprived regions and pro-poor policies interacted positively as drivers of inequality reduction. But due to the recent economic stagnation and political instability, Rousseff, in her new administration (2015-2018), is facing serious difficulties in sustaining the social gains obtained during the last twelve years. It seems that continuing the progress in inequality reduction in times of low economic growth requires deeper structural changes such as a progressive tax reform in order to effectively redistribute resources from the rich to the underprivileged classes. This paper discusses recent developments in Brazil from the perspective of entangled inequalities, a concept applied here with the objective of enlarging the narrow definition of inequality brought forward by hegemonic scholarship. After a brief introduction into the conceptual framework of entangled inequalities, the paper presents, in its second section, an overview of recent changes in Brazilian social structure. The third section discusses the role of the Brazilian state in reducing inequalities. Finally, recent developments in Brazil with regard to the entangled inequalities framework are assessed.

Free numerical version | Germany Year of creation: 2011

Publisher: desiguALdades.net. Research Network on Interdependent Inequalities in Latin America

Sirve para difundir los primeros resultados de los proyectos de investigación en curso, con el fin de fomentar el intercambio de ideas y el debate académico. La inclusión de un artículo en la desiguALdades.net no constituye una publicación y no se restringe la publicación posterior en cualquier otro lugar.

Review summaries

Ceisal Redial © REDIAL & CEISAL. Editorial responsibility: Araceli García Martín - AECID (Madrid, España),
Jussi Pakkasvirta - Ceisal (Helsinki, Finlandia).
Web development: Olivier Bertoncello Data Consulting    Web hosting: CCIN2P3: CCIN2P3