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Latin America European Portal
REDIAL European Network of Information and Documentation on Latin America
CEISAL European Council for Social Research on Latin America
Review DELOS Desarrollo local sostenible

desiguALdades.net Working Paper Series

Review DHIAL. Desarrollo Humano e Institucional en América Latina

Year: 2014 n. 66

Reis, Eústaquio. Historical Perspectives on Regional Income Inequality in Brazil, 1872-2000.  / Perspectivas históricas en la desigualdad de ingresos regionales en Brasil, 1872-2000 Brasil
Brasil Siglo XX | desigualdad regional | convergencia del crecimiento | productividad | renta per cápita
Siglo XIX | Siglo XX

Summary

The paper provides historical perspectives on regional economic inequalities in Brazil making use of a database on Brazilian municipalities from 1872 to 2000. A suit of maps and graphs describe the geographic forces shaping the historical development of the Brazilian economy highlighting the role of transport costs, and its consequences for the spatial dynamics of income per capita and labor productivity. The next section estimates econometric models of growth convergence for municipal income per capita and labor. For the 20th century analyses are refined in two ways: first, by disaggregating the models for urban and rural activities; second, by enlarging the model to take account of the determinants of spatial growth convergence. Empirical results endorse the preeminence of geographic factors in contrast to institutional conditions. The final section summarizes the results and proposes research extensions. The Appendix describes the database.

Free numerical version | Germany Year of creation: 2011

Publisher: desiguALdades.net. Research Network on Interdependent Inequalities in Latin America

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