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Review DELOS Desarrollo local sostenible

desiguALdades.net Working Paper Series

Review DHIAL. Desarrollo Humano e Institucional en América Latina

Year: 2011 n. 1

Therborn, Göran. Inequalities and Latin America. From the Enlightenment to the 21st CenturyAmérica Latina
Social Inequalities | Enlightenment | Latin America
Siglo XIX | Siglo XVIII | Siglo XX | Siglo XXI


Inequality emerged as a social concern during the Enlightenment and was seen as violating the norm of human equality. Three main development narratives were generated following this concern: one of long-term equalization (de Tocqueville), one of polarization (Marx), and one of modern rising inequality followed by equalization (Kuznets). Although each of these narratives was able to score some points, none of them fully captured the actual trajectory of the inequality curve which is currently bending upwards towards more inequality. 21st century inequality studies are taking off in new directions, multiscalar, multi-dimensionally rooted in recent moral philosophy, and more focused on causal mechanisms and forces. Since early modernity a centre of economic inequality in the world, Latin America has a special relevance to inequality studies. Nevertheless, it is currently the only world region with a predominant tendency of equalization.

Free numerical version | Germany Year of creation: 2011

Publisher: desiguALdades.net. Research Network on Interdependent Inequalities in Latin America

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