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Review Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Bulletin of Latin American Research

Review Bulletin of Spanish Studies

Year: 2013 vol. 32 n. 4

Fumagalli, Maria Cristina (Guest Editor). Hispaniola after the Earthquake / La Hispaniola tras el terremoto Haití

Leak, Andrew. A Vain Fascination: Writing from and about Haiti after the Earthquake.  / Una vana fascinación: Escritura de y acerca de Haití tras el terremoto  In  Fumagalli, Maria Cristina Hispaniola after the Earthquake p. 394–406 Haití
Haiti; terremoto; artistas; intelectuales; representación; post/colonialidad

Summary

In the wake of the huge earthquake that struck Haiti on 12 January 2010, Haiti instantly became the focus of media attention across the world. At that moment, the tropes that had imprisoned Haiti for two centuries (barbarism, savagery, vodou, the land-that-God-forgot, etc.) began to resurface. Some Haitian intellectuals sought to combat those images, but in so doing they inadvertently revealed their complicity not only in the negative discursive construction of their country, but also in the economic and military re-colonisation of Haiti over the last decade. Adept in the fabrication of replicas of ‘post-political’ discourse, These Haitian intellectuals are in reality a subset of that country's morally bankrupt political class.

Wooding, Bridget; Petrozziello, Allison J. New Challenges for the Realisation of Migrants' Rights Following the Haiti 2010 Earthquake: Haitian Women on the Borderlands.  / Nuevos retos para la realización de los derechos de los migrantes a raíz del terremoto de Haití de 2010: las mujeres haitianas en la zona fronteriza  In  Fumagalli, Maria Cristina Hispaniola after the Earthquake p. 407–420 Haití | República Dominicana
República Dominicana; terremoto; Haití; derechos humanos; tráfico humano; migración; mujeres

Summary

Crossing the Dominican–Haitian border in greater numbers than previously, Haitian women and girls, many of whom have been forcibly displaced by the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, make multiple decisions about where to go and whom to trust. Thus they are in contact with informal scouts and other agents, while seeking employment as vendors in the frontier market, domestic workers in private homes, and sex workers in brothels in the Dominican Republic. This article argues that trafficking is but one problem along a spectrum of violence and human rights violations facing these women, requiring coordinated social interventions beyond law enforcement.

Fumagalli, María Cristina. ‘Isla Abierta’ or ‘Isla Cerrada’?: Karmadavis's Pre- and Post-Earthquake Hispaniola.  / ¿'Isla Abierta' o 'Isla Cerrada'?: La Hispaniola Pre- y Post-Terremoto de Karmadavis  In  Fumagalli, Maria Cristina Hispaniola after the Earthquake p. 421–437 Haití | República Dominicana
Relaciones fronterizas; David Pérez, Karmadavis; República Dominicana; terremoto; Haití; performance

Summary

Border relations on Hispaniola have always been characterised by contradictory dynamics. After the 2012 earthquake some hoped that the catastrophe could signpost the beginning of better border relations. Well before the earthquake, the artist David Pérez a.k.a. Karmadavis had urged the inhabitants of the island to consider Hispaniola as an isla abierta (open island) where one could develop a national identity in relation with and not in opposition to one's neighbours. After the earthquake, Karmadavis continues to denounce how Hispaniola is still an isla cerrada (closed island) that fails to realise, appreciate and celebrate itself as a estructura completa (complete structure).

Thakkar, Amit. Latency, Biopolitics and the Reproductive Arena: An Alternative Masculinity in Ricardo Larraín's La frontera.  / Latencia, biopolítica y escenario reproductivo: una masculinidad alternativa en La frontera de Ricardo Larraín p. 438–450 Chile
Biopolítica; Chile; Cine chileno; dictadura; exilio; La frontera; masculinidad; escenario reproductivo; violencia

Summary

In the Chilean film La frontera (1991), the dissident Ramiro is condemned to internal exile (relegación) under Pinochet's regime. My reading of the film is informed by three theories: I argue that this punishment is an act of Johan Galtung's ‘structural violence’ against Ramiro's masculinity, that strategies of ‘hiding’ individual bodies for the sake of the ‘social body’ are relevant to biopolitics (Michel Foucault), and that La frontera exploits the formal potential of latency to reveal how Ramiro rebuilds his masculinity within what Raewyn Connell would term the ‘reproductive arena’. Ramiro's resulting, alternative masculinity represents a challenge for the reconstruction of post-Pinochet Chile.

Sánchez-R, Magaly; Aysa-Lastra, María. Portrayals of Colombian and Venezuelan Immigrant Organisations in the United States.  / Las representaciones de las organizaciones de inmigrantes de Colombia y Venezuela en los Estados Unidos p. 451–467 Colombia | Venezuela
Colombia; organizaciones de inmigrantes; migración internacional; latinos; Venezuela

Summary

This article compares the public images of Colombian and Venezuelan immigrant organisations in the United States. Immigrant organisations' web pages and the expression of their main aims and goals serve to identify their major concerns as they create public images not only for the organisation but for the immigrant community itself. To interpret the immigrant organisations' public images and their goals, we offer a multilevel study that considers immigrants' contexts of exit, which are related to the motivation to migrate and the particular socio-demographic makeup of immigrant groups. This article adds the Venezuelan immigrant experience to the literature on immigrant organisations.

Faria Carlos Aurélio Pimenta de; Lopes, Dawison Belém; Casarões, Guilherme. Itamaraty on the Move: Institutional and Political Change in Brazilian Foreign Service under Lula da Silva's Presidency (2003–2010).  / Itamaraty en movimiento: cambio institucional y político en el Servicio Exterior de Brasil bajo la presidencia de Lula da Silva (2003-2010) p. 468–482 Brasil
Brasil; democracia; política exterior; política institucional; Itamaraty; reformas

Summary

This article aims to provide answers to two questions prompted by the latest reforms of Brazilian foreign service during Lula da Silva's presidency: How exactly might these institutional changes generate any impact over the Brazilian diplomatic corporation cohesion at large? How could bureaucratic insulation be undermined as an unexpected outcome of this process? To accomplish their objectives, the authors will briefly review the process of institution-building in Brazil, with an emphasis on the diplomatic corporation and the transformations it has undergone over the last three decades.

Bulletin of Latin American Research
Paper | Numerical version with subscription | Trimestral | United Kingdom Print ISSN: 0261-3050
Online ISSN: 1470-9856
Year of creation: 1981

Publisher: Society for Latin American Studies
Address: University of Liverpool, Room 313a, Cypress Building, L69 7ZR Liverpool

Este Boletín aspira a reflejar una investigación original sobre asuntos corrientes dedicados a América Latina mediante la publicación de largos artículos relacionados con las ciencias sociales y humanas. Se publican artículos más cortos sobre temas de actualidad en lo que atañe el estudio de América Latina, artículos de revista, el progreso de la ciencia, críticas de libros, y notas. Recientemente, una sección « debate » ha sido añadida dedicada a presentar análisis vanguardistas sobre tópicos específicos analizados por especialistas.
Texto completo disponible en Wiley Online Library para los números desde 1995; los anteriores en JSTOR

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