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Review Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Bulletin of Latin American Research

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Year: 2013 vol. 32 n. 2

Toca Torres, Claudia Eugenia; Carrillo Rodríguez, Jesús. Donating and Volunteering as Social Capital in Bogotá.  / Donación y voluntariado como capital social en Bogotá p. 133–148 Colombia
Bogotá; organizaciones de la sociedad civil; donación; capital social; solidaridad


While the term social capital has been in existence since 1835, it only became popular at the end of the twentieth century, with the emergence of the associational revolution and the appearance of the third sector. Since then, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), volunteering, philanthropic financing and solidarity organisations have all shaped a common discourse. From a social capital perspective, and on the basis of a social survey, this article investigates the determinants of solidarity and participation in NGOs in Bogotá, Colombia. We conclude that the expression of social capital in Bogotá is made manifest through donations and volunteering, factors which should be considered in fundraising activities.

Galindo, José. Some Considerations Regarding the Persistence of the Economic Elite in Mexico in the First Half of the Twentieth Century.  / Algunas consideraciones sobre la persistencia de la élite económica en México en la primera mitad del siglo XX p. 149–162 México
Elites; empresarios; hacienda; industria; terratenientes; Revolución Mexicana
Siglo XX


This article presents an analysis of some of the most important works on the persistence of the economic elite in Mexico during the first half of the twentieth century. The study seeks to answer the following question: How did the formation and character of the Mexican economic elites change during this period? It examines the effect of events such as the Mexican Revolution (1910–1920) and the agrarian reform programmes, as well as political instability and institutional uncertainty, on the persistence or weakening of the landowning and industrial elite who had consolidated their power during the Porfiriato period (1876–1911).

King, Robin; Adler, Marina A.; Grieves, Margaret. Cooperatives as Sustainable Livelihood Strategies in Rural Mexico.  / Cooperativas como estrategias de vida sostenibles en el México rural p. 163–177 México
Economías alternativas; comunidad; cooperativas; México; neoliberalismo; modo de vida sostenible


The sustainable livelihoods perspective and cooperative movement are rooted in frameworks that value social justice in the form of participatory democracy, distributional equity, and solidarity. Unlike studies of cooperatives that focus mainly on economic efficiency and productivity, we argue that this socio-political dimension of the cooperative projects is crucial for understanding their potential as sustainable livelihoods. This exploratory research examines the experiences of two rural Mexican communities in Guanajuato and Oaxaca, which formed cooperatives as alternative livelihood strategies. Our results show that each community used similar grassroots political culture to develop cooperatives designed to meet local needs.

MacRory, Robbie. Dilemmas of Democratisation: Media Regulation and Reform in Argentina (pages 178–193).  / Dilemas de la democratización: regulación de medios y reforma en Argentina p. 178–193 Argentina
Argentina; regulación de medios; radiodifusión; democracia


The relationship between the state and the media has become a key political battleground in a number of Latin American countries in recent years. Using controversial changes to broadcasting regulation in Argentina as a case study, this article examines regional trends in this field. This article argues that despite criticism of the political motivations that led to its implementation, the Audiovisual Communications Law (popularly known as the ley de medios) has the potential to rebalance Argentina's media landscape. Moreover, it should not be equated with developments in Venezuelan media regulation, which do raise concerns about freedom of expression.

Weber, Katinka. Chiquitano and the Multiple Meanings of Being Indigenous in Bolivia.  / Los chiquitanos y los múltiples significados de ser indígena en Bolivia p. 194–209 Bolivia
Bolivia; tierras bajas; Chiquitanos; indígenas; identidad; multiculturalismo neoliberal


To be ‘indigenous’ in Bolivia is not only a rights- and resource-bearing identity, but the national MAS party has recently actively promoted the ‘indigenous’ as an inclusive national political project. This article seeks to shed further light on the different meanings Bolivians attach to ‘indigeneity’ by focusing on the Chiquitano people of the Bolivian lowlands. This reveals that while Chiquitano employ the term to advance their political project, some nevertheless simultaneously reject its power to categorise and subordinate Chiquitano. This highlights some of the paradoxes faced by those employing an indigenous political strategy, be it at the local or ‘more inclusive’ national level.

Fernandes, Fernando Lannes. Youth Gang Members in Rio de Janeiro: The Face of a ‘Lost Generation’ in an Age of Fear and Mistrust.  / Miembros de bandas juveniles en Río de Janeiro: el rostro de una "generación perdida" en una era de temor y desconfianza p. 210–223 Brasil
Bandas de drogas; favelas; estigmatización; marginalidad urbana; violencia; juventud


This article analyses the relationship between stigmatisation, violence and marginality, and its limits to social justice and citizenship. It involves a critical reflection on the way groups living in ‘a social and symbolical shade’ are represented and treated by governments and their institutions, and the way such practices reinforce a cycle of socio-symbolical marginality and the limits to life in the city. The article will explore the findings of a research within drug gangs in which I have been involved (Observatório de Favelas, 2006; Silva et al., 2009 and, Silva and Urani, 2002), and my own research on violence, urban marginality and stigmatisation (Fernandes, 2009, 2012).

Bulletin of Latin American Research
Paper | Numerical version with subscription | Trimestral | United Kingdom Print ISSN: 0261-3050
Online ISSN: 1470-9856
Year of creation: 1981

Publisher: Society for Latin American Studies
Address: University of Liverpool, Room 313a, Cypress Building, L69 7ZR Liverpool

Este Boletín aspira a reflejar una investigación original sobre asuntos corrientes dedicados a América Latina mediante la publicación de largos artículos relacionados con las ciencias sociales y humanas. Se publican artículos más cortos sobre temas de actualidad en lo que atañe el estudio de América Latina, artículos de revista, el progreso de la ciencia, críticas de libros, y notas. Recientemente, una sección « debate » ha sido añadida dedicada a presentar análisis vanguardistas sobre tópicos específicos analizados por especialistas.
Texto completo disponible en Wiley Online Library para los números desde 1995; los anteriores en JSTOR

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