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Review Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Bulletin of Latin American Research

Review Bulletin of Spanish Studies

Year: 2012 vol. 31 n. 1

Castillo, Juan Carlos. Is Inequality Becoming Just? Changes in Public Opinion about Economic Distribution in Chile . p. 1-18 Chile
Desigualdad / Percepción / Justicia distributiva / Ingresos
Siglo XXI

Summary

Chile is one of the few Latin American countries that has participated in the inequality module of the International Social Survey Program (ISSP) in 1999 and in 2009, allowing time comparisons in attitudes towards inequality in one of the countries with the highest income inequality throughout the world. This paper focuses on the cross-sectional comparison of the just earning gap, a proportional term based on salaries considered just for high and low status occupations. Even though descriptive analysis shows that the salary gap regarded as just is higher in 2009 than in 1999, explanatory models give evidence of stability over time. Results are discussed in relation to phenomena of legitimacy of economic inequality and its political consequences.

Rubin, Oliver; Rossing, Tine. National and Local Vulnerability to Climate-Related Disasters in Latin America: The Role of Social Asset-Based Adaptation . p. 19-35 América Latina
Belice | Bolivia
Cambio climático / Desastres naturales / Pobreza / Bienes sociales
Siglo XXI

Summary

The Latin American region is particularly prone to climate-related natural hazards. However, this article argues that natural hazards are only partly to blame for the region's vulnerability to natural disasters with quantitative evidence suggesting instead that income per capita and inequality are main determinants of natural disaster mortality in Latin America. Locally, the region's poor are particularly susceptible to climate-related natural hazards. As a result of their limited access to capital, adaptation based on social assets constitutes an effective coping strategy. Evidence from Bolivia and Belize illustrates the importance of social assets in protecting the most vulnerable against natural disasters.

Popovitch, Anna. Debating Latin American Aesthetic Theory. Beatriz Sarlo on the Autonomy of Art . p. 36-50 América Latina
Argentina
Teoría estética / Argentina / Política cultural / Relativismo / Sarlo
Siglo XX

Summary

For quite some time, Beatriz Sarlo has been at the forefront of the debate over the possibility of ascertaining the aesthetic value of art. The Argentine critic's dismissal of value-neutral approaches to art has been often criticised as a repackaging of the aestheticist tradition inherited from the European Enlightenment. Using Sarlo's own critical practice – a selection of Sarlo's key texts on Argentine literature written since 1980 – as a testing ground for her theoretical insights I argue in favour of re-evaluating Sarlo's project as an aporetic discourse with positive implications for cultural politics that should be refined rather than abandoned.

Lavery, Jane ; Bowskill, Sarah. The Representation of the Female Body in the Multimedia Works of Regina José Galindo . p. 51-64 América Latina
Guatemala
Regina José Galindo / Artista multimedia / Abyección / Grotesco / Cuerpo
Siglo XXI

Summary

The female body is central to the performance art, poetry and blog site interventions of Guatemalan Regina José Galindo. While Galindo is best known for her performance work, this article compares the hereto overlooked, distinctive and often shocking representations of the female body across her multimedia outputs. We first consider the ways in which, in all three media, Galindo presents an ‘excessive’, carnivalised, grotesque and abject female body. Second, we analyse representations of the female body that has been subjected to violence at a private and public level. In so doing, we show how Galindo not only contests hegemonic visions of gender and (national) identity but also challenges the viewer/reader to engage with, rather than look away from, the violence to which women are subjected in patriarchal society.

Misra, Amalendu . My Space/Mi Espacio: Evangelical Christianity and Identity Politics in Mexico . p. 65-79 América Latina
México
Católicos / Conflicto / Cristianismo evangélico / Evangélicos / Espacio
Siglo XXI

Summary

This article analyses evangelical identity politics and more generally religious competition in contemporary Mexico through a specific focus on the construction, dissemination and imagination of space. The imagination and occupation of a particular space determines the specific identity of its followers. Since the identity–space construct is primarily anchored in the political, religious, economic and funerary contexts in most societies, these four rubrics are woven together to assess of the evangelical Christian space–identity construct. The paper furthers research on religious space creation, dissemination and demarcation amongst evangelical Christians in Mexico, and it emphasises the extent to which the strategies of spatial expansion can lead to rigorous intra-faith competition and conflict.

Dueholm Rasch, Elisabet . ‘The Root Is Maya, the Practice Is Pluralist’: Xel-jú and Indigenous Political Mobilisation in Quetzaltenango, Guatemala . p. 80-94 América Latina
Guatemala
Partidos políticos étnicos / Guatemala / Alcaldes indígenas / Pueblos indígenas / Política local
Siglo XX | Siglo XXI

Summary

Since the 1990s Latin America has witnessed the emergence of ethnic, often social movement based, political parties. Within this context Rigoberto Quemé Chay became the first indigenous mayor of Quetzaltenango, the second-largest city of Guatemala, a place that until then had been marked by indigenous political exclusion and racism. This article seeks to explain why Quemé was victorious in 1995 and also why he subsequently lost the election in 2004 through an analysis of the ideational struggle within the (indigenous) political organisation, Xel-jú, which backed Quemé's candidacy twice. I use the movements of ‘departure’, ‘manoeuvre’ and ‘arrival’ in the process of the constitution of hegemonic visions of power to analyse Xel-jú's rise to political power.

Bulletin of Latin American Research
Paper | Numerical version with subscription | Trimestral | United Kingdom Print ISSN: 0261-3050
Online ISSN: 1470-9856
Year of creation: 1981

Publisher: Society for Latin American Studies
Address: University of Liverpool, Room 313a, Cypress Building, L69 7ZR Liverpool

Este Boletín aspira a reflejar una investigación original sobre asuntos corrientes dedicados a América Latina mediante la publicación de largos artículos relacionados con las ciencias sociales y humanas. Se publican artículos más cortos sobre temas de actualidad en lo que atañe el estudio de América Latina, artículos de revista, el progreso de la ciencia, críticas de libros, y notas. Recientemente, una sección « debate » ha sido añadida dedicada a presentar análisis vanguardistas sobre tópicos específicos analizados por especialistas.
Texto completo disponible en Wiley Online Library para los números desde 1995; los anteriores en JSTOR

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