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Review Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Bulletin of Latin American Research

Review Bulletin of Spanish Studies

Year: 2008 vol. 27 n. 1

Breuer, Anita The Problematic Relation between Direct Democracy and Accountability in Latin America: Evidence from the Bolivian Case . [Trad. La Relación Problemática entre la Democracia Directa y la Rendición de Cuenta en América Latina: Evidencias a Partir del Caso Boliviano ] p. 1-23 América del Sur


During the wave of constitutional reforms, which started in the late 1980s, Institutions of Direct Democracy (IDD) have been incorporated into most Latin American constitutions, and over the past fifteen years, an increased use of these instruments by Latin American governments has been observed. This article deals with two questions related to this phenomenon: (1) what motivated the adoption and use of these institutions; and (2) what consequences can be expected with regard to democratic accountability in the region? To answer these questions, first, a classification of IDD is developed. In this, special attention is paid to the ability of the various types of IDD to introduce accountability into the representative structures of presidential systems. This classification is subsequently applied to analyse constitutional frameworks and direct democratic experience in the region. The findings suggest that the rise of IDD in Latin America was mainly induced by executive-legislative conflict and has done little to foster accountability. Finally, therefore, a detailed account of the specific constellation that led to the adoption of IDD in Bolivia is analysed in order to illustrate under which circumstances political actors choose to adopt and employ these tools.

Arbona, Juan Manuel Histories and Memories in the Organisation and Struggles of the Santiago II Neighbourhood of El Alto, Bolivia. [Trad. Historias y Memorias en la Organizacion y en las Luchas del Barrio Santiago II de El Alto, Bolivia] p. 24-42 América del Sur


This article analyses how relocated miners in the Santiago II neighbourhood of El Alto reframed their histories and their memories of struggle and organisation in the mining camps. It focuses on the ways in which residents organised the neighbourhood and how these histories and memories rose to the political surface during the time of crisis in October 2003.

Kodrich, Kris The Role of State Advertising in Latin American Newspapers: Was the Demise of Nicaragua’s Barricada Newspaper Political Sabotage? . [Trad. El Papel de la Propaganda del Estado en los Periódicos Latino Americanos: ¿Fue la Desaparición del Periódico Barricada de Nicaragua un Sabotaje Político?] p. 61-82 Centroamérica


Barricada, a daily newspaper in Nicaragua, closed in 1998. The editor said his newspaper was a victim of a government policy to remove state advertising from Barricada, which was the official newspaper of the opposition Sandinista political party. This study examines the role of state advertising as a means of governmental control of the news media. The study finds evidence to support the claim that Barricada was the victim of a partisan campaign to withhold advertising. But it also finds that the Sandinistas had done the same thing when they were in power in the 1980s.

Ronsbo, Henrik Hybridity and Change: Gamonales, Montoneros and Young Politicos in South-Central Peru . [Trad. “Híbrididad” y Cambio: Gamonales, Montoneros y Jóvenes Políticos en el Centro Sur de Perú] p. 83-101 América del Sur


The article provides an analysis of three historical forms of political subjectivity in South-Central Peru: the montoneros, the gamonales and the post-conflict politicos. Based upon a historical sociology of puna–valley relations, the article suggests that subjectivities should be read not as emanating from either side of the racialised misti–Indio divide, but instead as fractals of this.

Lugo, Jairo; Sampson, Tony E-Informality in Venezuela: The ‘Other Path’ of Technology . [Trad. E-Informality en Venezuela: El ‘Otro Camino’ de la Tecnología] p. 102-118 América del Sur


The study explores arguments concerning the concept of the informal economy and makes the case that new media technologies, or more broadly, information and communication technologies (ICTs), as a socio-economic phenomenon, tend to be exploited in the same way as other economic activities by those actors that operate in the informal economy. Moreover, this exploitation tends to show similar patterns in terms of growth and ownership concentration. In this context, the study analyses the patterns and tendencies that transpire when informal actors exploit ICTs. It aims to question the validity of the neoliberal paradigm that portrays informality and new media technology as a creative process that requires deregulation. The article is based on a field study carried out in Venezuela between 2003 and 2004.

Bulletin of Latin American Research
Paper | Numerical version with subscription | Trimestral | United Kingdom Print ISSN: 0261-3050
Online ISSN: 1470-9856
Year of creation: 1981

Publisher: Society for Latin American Studies
Address: University of Liverpool, Room 313a, Cypress Building, L69 7ZR Liverpool

Este Boletín aspira a reflejar una investigación original sobre asuntos corrientes dedicados a América Latina mediante la publicación de largos artículos relacionados con las ciencias sociales y humanas. Se publican artículos más cortos sobre temas de actualidad en lo que atañe el estudio de América Latina, artículos de revista, el progreso de la ciencia, críticas de libros, y notas. Recientemente, una sección « debate » ha sido añadida dedicada a presentar análisis vanguardistas sobre tópicos específicos analizados por especialistas.
Texto completo disponible en Wiley Online Library para los números desde 1995; los anteriores en JSTOR

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