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Review Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Bulletin of Latin American Research

Review Bulletin of Spanish Studies

Year: 2006 vol. 25 n. 2

Salman, Ton The Jammed Democracy: Bolivia's Troubled Political Learning Process . [Trad. La Democracia Atascada: El Proceso de Aprendizaje Político Agitado de Bolivia] p. 163-182 América del Sur ; Región Andina
Bolivia
Summary

The fact that even the moderate and broadly respected president Carlos Mesa was forced to step down in Bolivia in June 2005 suggests that the country's crisis goes beyond a conflict on specific policies. A longstanding practice of excluding large sectors of the population from all real influence in politics, despite the existence of formal democracy, has produced a crisis of belief in democracy, affecting both governing bodies and the party system. President Mesa was unable to reverse the generalised distrust of politics. This distrust, combined with persisting political stalemate, is currently tending towards societal disintegration, which makes the recovery of genuine democratic practices even more difficult.

Lazar, Sian  El Alto, Ciudad Rebelde: Organisational Bases for Revolt . [Trad. El Alto, Ciudad Rebelde: Bases Organizacionales para la Revuelta] p. 183-199 América del Sur ; Cono Sur
Bolivia
Summary

The events of October 2003 reveal something about how Bolivian democracy works under 'normal' circumstances because they built upon well-established patterns of political behaviour whereby corporate groupings have become used to direct negotiations with the government. It was the breakdown of these patterns that forced the resignation of the President in 2003. I detail here the collective identities that provide the foundations for mobilisational power in Bolivia and examine the organisation behind the uprising in El Alto and its roots in quotidian experiences of collective mobilisation. I conclude with a consideration of the relationship between social mobilisation, democracy and politics in contemporary Bolivia.

Goudsmit, Into A.  Praying for Government: Peasant Disengagement from the Bolivian State. [Trad. Rezando para el Gobierno: Los Campesinos Rompen el Conpromiso con Estado Boliviano] p. 200-219 América del Sur ; Región Andina
Bolivia
Summary

This article explores peasants' experiences of the state in the Toracari valley, Northern Potosí, suggesting that such an analysis may shed light on the absence of political unrest among substantial segments of Bolivia's indigenous population. So long as Toracari peasants imagine the fetish of a benevolent (national) Government that one cannot fight, they associate local public offices with the small-scale mestizo landlords who hold these positions, rather than with Government. Recognition of this distinction should caution scholars against employing the concept of 'State' as a system that includes all levels of government and state officials. Use of that concept may obstruct serious research into the power of local elites such as the landlords.

Mcneish, John-Andrew  Stones on the Road: The Politics of Participation and the Generation of Crisis in Bolivia . [Trad. Piedras en el Camino: La Política de la Participación y la Generación de Crisis en Bolivia] p. 220-240 América del Sur ; Región Andina
Bolivia
Summary

This paper demonstrates that recent protests in Bolivia must be linked to the failure of efforts to improve democratic participation in the country. It argues that such failures can be traced to a history of prejudices in national development and society and persistent biases and contradictions within international development policy and institutions. Despite these obstacles, the paper concludes that ideas for appropriate development and realistic alternatives for change to government and democracy are visible in recent critical development thinking and amongst the different social and cultural groupings involved in the demonstrations.

Canessa, Andrew  Todos somos indígenas: Towards a New Language of National Political Identity. [Trad. Todos somos indígenas: Hacia un Nuevo Lenguaje de Identidad Política Nacional] p. 241-263 América del Sur ; Región Andina
Bolivia
Summary

One of the most striking aspects of 'Red October' was the central role played by indigenous groups and their leaders who were largely able to set the agenda of protest. This paper explores how the concept of indigeneity as a mobilising concept has moved from the periphery of the political arena to centre stage. Two indigenous leaders played significant roles: whereas the political rhetoric of Felipe Quispe is exclusionary and particularistic, Evo Morales's rhetoric is inclusive and broad. Indigenous identity as articulated by indigenous leaders is contrasted to the identities expressed by rural people and raises the question of how indigeneity is defined and by whom.

Heron, Tony  An Unravelling Development Strategy? Garment Assembly in the Caribbean Basin after the Multifibre Arrangement . [Trad. ¿Una Estrategia de Desarrollo Aclarada? Una Asamblea de Prenda en la Cuenca Caribeña después el Acuerdo Multifibra ] p. 264-281 América del Norte ; Centroamérica ; Caribe
Summary

The purpose of this article is to assess the likely impact of the ending of the Multifibre Arrangement (MFA) on garment assembly in the Caribbean Basin. Over the last fifteen years or so garment assembly has come to represent one of the region's few economic 'success stories' and has accordingly helped to offset the loss of export revenue from traditional commodities such as coffee and sugar. With the ending of the MFA on 1 January 2005, however, the long-term viability of this trade has been thrown into doubt. This article thus seeks to assess the prospects for continued garment assembly in the Caribbean Basin against the backdrop of these developments.

Kozloff, Nikolas  Asserting State Authority through Environmental Monitoring: Venezuela in the Post-Gómez Era, 1935–1945. [Trad. Afirmando la Autoridad Estadal a Través del Monitoreo Ambiental: Venezuela en la Época Pos-Gómez, 1935-1945] p. 282-300 América del Sur
Venezuela
Summary

In Venezuela, the task of consolidating the central state fell to Presidents Eleazar López Contreras (1936–1941) and Isaías Medina Angarita (1941–1945). This meant asserting fiscal control over the oil companies operating in the state of Zulia as well as appeasing restive working and middle classes. The government sought to exert power over both by moving towards a system of environmental monitoring of the petroleum industry. López Contreras was reluctant to apply real political pressure to the companies and accordingly environmental monitoring tended to be lax. Medina Angarita personally visited zulianos and made fiery speeches designed to assuage Venezuelan pride. What is more, he allowed the press to denounce the companies for their environmental abuse. Through his environmental monitoring efforts, Medina demonstrated to the companies that the state was a force to be reckoned with.

Bulletin of Latin American Research
Paper | Numerical version with subscription | Trimestral | United Kingdom Print ISSN: 0261-3050
Online ISSN: 1470-9856
Year of creation: 1981

Publisher: Society for Latin American Studies
Address: University of Liverpool, Room 313a, Cypress Building, L69 7ZR Liverpool

Este Boletín aspira a reflejar una investigación original sobre asuntos corrientes dedicados a América Latina mediante la publicación de largos artículos relacionados con las ciencias sociales y humanas. Se publican artículos más cortos sobre temas de actualidad en lo que atañe el estudio de América Latina, artículos de revista, el progreso de la ciencia, críticas de libros, y notas. Recientemente, una sección « debate » ha sido añadida dedicada a presentar análisis vanguardistas sobre tópicos específicos analizados por especialistas.
Texto completo disponible en Wiley Online Library para los números desde 1995; los anteriores en JSTOR

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