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Holoceno Paleoenvironment and Prehispanic Landscape Evolution in the Basin of Mexico

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Article of journalMcClung de Tapia, Emily. (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Investigaciones Antropológicas, Laboratorio de Paleoetnobotánica y Paleoambiente, México). Holoceno Paleoenvironment and Prehispanic Landscape Evolution in the Basin of MexicoIn  Taking Stock of Basin of Mexico Archaeology in the Early Twenty-First Century Ancient Mesoamerica, 2015 vol. 26 no. 2 p. 375-389. Keywords:
Mexico
Archaeology
Pre-hispanic period

Abstract:

Paleoenvironmental and geoarchaeological data generated over the past three decades for parts of the Basin of Mexico are little known among archaeologists working in the region. This paper summarizes and evaluates what is currently known about the prehistoric environment, landscape development, and human impact in the region. Archaeological evidence indicates that human activity became important in ecosystem evolution in the basin during the Middle-Late Holocene. Most traditional paleoenvironmental studies based on lake sediments, however, generalize results corresponding to this period simply as evidence for human impact. Essentially the same vegetation communities extant in the basin today appear to have been present during most of the Holocene, albeit with broader distributions and variability in secondary taxa. Recognizing potential contributions of archaeology to understanding human adaptation to climatic and ecosystemic change, past and present, should stimulate future research on paleoenvironment in the region.

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